https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/issue/feed Pacific International Journal 2022-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Rahim Jafar support@rclss.com Open Journal Systems <p>Pacific International Journal "PIJ" (E-ISSN 2616-4825 &amp; P-ISSN 2663-8991) is an international, nonprofit, open access, online, and double-blind peer-reviewed journal that has been published since 2018 in Pakistan. This journal's main objective is to serve as an intellectual and scientific platform to develop and promote the multidisciplinary studies and research of the international scholars in the field described in more detail below. Pacific International Journal published the original research articles that identify, explain, and analyze real-world issues. It accepts full-length multidisciplinary research articles on a full range of topics. Pacific International journal is inviting submissions from authors according to the aims and scope of the journal. The PIJ is published in an open-access format – articles are published on the journal's website immediately after acceptance, giving the scientific community and the public unlimited and free access to the content.</p> <p><em><strong>By 2021 PIJ editorial team decided to publish only two issues in a year to improve research quality.</strong></em></p> <p>We also encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research relating to Business, Management, economics, education, arts, in as much detail as possible in order to promote scientific predictions and impact assessments of global change and development. Full experimental and methodical details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced.</p> <p>Anyone may submit an original article to be considered for publication in Pacific International Journal provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article.</p> <h3>Benefits of publishing with PIJ</h3> <ul> <li><strong>Open access: </strong>Completely free for readers and authors. There are no fees charged for submission, subscription and article processing.</li> <li><strong>Rapid publication: </strong>PIJ is committed to getting the manuscripts peer-reviewed, and a first decision is provided to authors approximately 4-6 weeks after submission.</li> <li><strong>Recognition of reviewers: </strong>Reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports shall receive credits.</li> <li><strong>High visibility and Indexing: </strong>Indexed by: <ul> <li>Index Copernicus</li> <li>Google Scholar</li> <li>Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)</li> <li>International Scientific Indexing</li> <li>Cite Factor Academic Scientific Journals</li> <li>Scientific Indexing Service</li> <li>Academic resource Index Research Bib</li> <li>Scientific Journal Impact Factor</li> <li>China National Knowledge Infrastructure, 中国知网</li> <li>Under Review for multiple indexes and databases including EBSCO, ESCI, OAJI, and Scopus</li> </ul> </li> </ul> https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/129 Exploring the Challenges towards Active Learning at a Public University in Afghanistan: A Case Study of EFL Lecturers’ Perceptions 2022-05-23T07:45:52+00:00 Hashmatullah Tareen hashmatt2@gmail.com <p>Active learning is often connected with teaching and learning that is progressive and involves active student participation. The chief purpose of this research project was to explore Afghan EFL lecturers’ perceptions towards challenges hampering active learning. With regards to achieving this objective, a qualitative research approach, in particular, face-to-face interviews were conducted. The researcher interviewed and collected the data from seven EFL lecturers in the Languages and Literature Faculty and EFL lecturers in Education Faculty at Kandahar University. This study identified large classes, lack of technological facilities, lack of time, shortage of lecturers, and cultural issues as the challenges hampering active learning.</p> 2022-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/199 Bank Competitive Condition and Bank Performance, Evidence from Emerging Markets 2022-07-12T12:57:19+00:00 Lebin Huang 348154542@qq.com <p>This paper verify the level of bank competition and the relation between bank competition and bank performance of four emerging market countries which include Brazil, Russia, India and China. &nbsp;The data is random selected from the BankScope database and consist of 692 set of observations during 2000 to 2014. &nbsp;The final regression results declare that the bank market of China, Russia and Brazil are under the monopolistic competition, while the bank market in India is in the monopoly. &nbsp;Moreover, the bank competition is negatively associated with the bank performance through the investigation.</p> 2022-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/216 An Analysis of Affective Factors of Deaf college Students' English Learning Based on Affective Filtering Hypothesis 2022-08-31T01:58:26+00:00 GAI LIU liugai87@126.com <p>&nbsp;The College English course for deaf students is a compulsory course for students during the university period. The influence of learning motivation, learning anxiety and self-confidence on deaf students' English learning should also be considered. By balancing various emotional factors, students can obtain better learning results. The influence of affective factors on learning is undeniable. Therefore, in view of these major affective factors, combined with the learning reality of deaf students and the observation of front-line teachers and front-line classrooms in the investigation, the author explores the influence of several affective factors on deaf students' English learning, and puts forward improvement measures and suggestions.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/215 Analysis of the Development of Non-Heritage Cultural and Creative Products in Inner Mongolia Monishan Non-Heritage Town 2022-08-22T11:43:33+00:00 Yanli Li 2517256404@qq.com ling Chen 756848868@qq.com Hastana 156852153@qq.com <p>In the context of the development of global cultural and creative industries, China's cultural and creative industries are developing into new industries day by day, which also provide a new development direction for the cultural and creative products of non-heritage. The development of cultural and creative products for intangible cultural heritage can provide a new idea and path for cultural inheritance and promotion, and realize the win-win development of intangible culture and cultural and creative products. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is a place of richness in intangible cultural heritage. It plays an active role in the sustainable economic and social development of the autonomous region, deeply implements the development project of intangible cultural heritage, and promotes the creative transformation and innovative development of Chinese outstanding traditional culture. Field research was conducted on the representative cultural and creative products of Hohhot's Monishan Non-Heritage Town to analyze and excavate its existing problematic points. Through a variety of methods to review literature, collect and organize research on intangible cultural heritage, in-depth local inspection and research methods to analyze the existing problems. The optimization strategy is proposed to be applied to the development of non-heritage products.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/214 An Introduction to Educational Essays for Professional Development of Kindergarten Teachers 2022-08-22T11:42:39+00:00 Yanli Li 2517256404@qq.com Hastana 156852153@qq.com <p>The professionalization of early childhood teachers is a new need for teachers in the education reform, an inevitable trend of the times, and an important factor in the quality of kindergarten education and the overall development of young children. Among them, the significance of educational essays to the professional development of teachers and the prosperity of education is indisputable. The author believes that educational essays are the recorder of kindergarten teachers' daily life, the summarizer of kindergarten teachers' education and teaching, the practitioner of kindergarten teachers' scientific research, and the reflector of kindergarten teachers' teaching practice. Therefore, it is advocated that writing educational essays is an effective learning method for teachers and becomes the basis for teachers to discover themselves, study themselves and improve themselves. The process of educational practice is enhanced by writing educational essays to reflect and summarize and streamline, thus improving teachers' professionalism and further promoting the progress and prosperity of education.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/211 Standardized self-management education of psoriasis patients under New Coronavirus Pneumonia 2022-08-16T09:51:09+00:00 YANFU HENG yanfuheng@126.com <p>Since the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) in December 2019, the epidemic has also had an adverse impact on the mental health of the public due to fear of the epidemic, common diseases, treatment delays and other factors. Patients with chronic skin diseases often have problems such as stress, anxiety, depression, anger and social isolation, which in turn will induce or aggravate primary skin diseases and form a vicious circle. Psoriasis is one of the common skin diseases. When the skin barrier function of patients with psoriasis is damaged, improper protection will increase the susceptibility to virus and induce or aggravate the disease. During the COVID-19 epidemic, some psoriasis patients who were isolated at home suffered from illness due to lack of disease awareness, poor self-management and lack. Patients who go out for medical treatment will increase the risk of COVID-19 infection. The lack of standardized self-management of psoriasis patients is one of the important reasons for the recurrence of their diseases. Standardized self-management is an important guarantee to improve the health status of patients and improve their quality of life. This article expounds the current situation and contents of standardized self-management of psoriasis patients, hoping to arouse medical workers' Thinking on how to implement standardized self-management of psoriasis patients under the epidemic situation of novel coronavirus pneumonia. At the same time, patients should strengthen self-management and do a good job in going out to prevent and minimize the adverse effects of the epidemic situation.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/210 The Study on Improving Chinese College Students' Intercultural Communication Competence in College English Teaching 2022-08-15T13:05:40+00:00 Peng Cui cuipeng2008.ok@163.com <p><strong>Abstract:</strong>Intercultural communication competence refers to the ability of people from different cultural backgrounds to come together and communicate.It is also an important skill that college students should possess.However, the college students’&nbsp;intercultural communication ability is not satisfactory&nbsp;at present.In order to improve college students’&nbsp;intercultural communication ability at present, this paper puts forward a teaching and training mode&nbsp;to improve students’&nbsp;intercultural competence under current conditions--the training mode based on English movies, and carries out practical research on this new mode.Finally, this study proves the effectiveness of this new teaching model.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/209 Exploration on the Development of National Education in Inner Mongolia 2022-08-12T14:59:37+00:00 Jun abcdefg6127@sina.com <p>&nbsp;Education is an cornerstone of national rejuvenation and social progress. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the education system of Inner Mongolia has insisted on strengthening the foundation, maintaining integrity and innovation, and has promoted the historic leapfrog development from scale to quality of education at all levels. Inner Mongolia is the birthplace of China's system of regional ethnic autonomy and has a glorious tradition of ethnic unity. Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region holds the main line of casting the consciousness of the Chinese nation's community, and combines the cultivation and practice of socialist core values&nbsp;with the education of national unity and progress. The paper is to answer the following questions: What is National Education of Inner Mongolia? What achievement has Inner Mongolia has made in the past ten years? What measures has the government adopted to promote national education in Inner Mongolia? By reviewing the data released by the Inner Mongolia government and related literature, this paper explores the answer to the above questions, hoping to give insights to the readers a good understanding of national education in Inner Mongolia, China.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/208 Sylvia’s Self-realization in Sarah Orne Jewett’s A White Heron From the Perspective of Deep Ecology 2022-08-08T02:30:07+00:00 Haiqing Zhu maggieseasky@126.com Yurui Li maggieseasky@126.com <p>In her short novel&nbsp;<em>A white Heron</em>,&nbsp;the famous American regional writer Sarah Orne Jewett pays attention to ecological problems. Sylvia, the protagonist of the novel, gradually realizes the significance&nbsp;of nature in the process of Self-realization. By living in the wood and befriending animals, she also changes from the stage of ego to social self and finally to ecological self.&nbsp;This process of Self-realization is a possible approach to the &nbsp;better relationship between human and nature.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/207 Using Reading Circles to Connect Readers with Text Extensive Reading 2022-08-05T13:58:09+00:00 Jie Liu johnfirebolt@hotmail.com <p>Extensive reading course is a critical part of cultivating English majors’ language learning ability. Its teaching quality directly impacts students’ improvement of reading ability. Combined with autonomous learning theory, this paper aims to explore the practical meaning of introducing and practicing Reading Circles in extensive reading course and analyze its benefits to cultivate students’ autonomous reading ability and critical thinking ability. By applying this new teaching mode, it hopes to connect students with text and thus create a classroom environment in which students can interact with the text. It is expected to change the situation of teachers-oriented class and improve students’ core competence of reasoning,&nbsp;analysis&nbsp;and&nbsp;judgment.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/206 The Current Situation and Problems of Teachers' professional Development from an International Perspective and Its Enlightenment to China: based on the results of TALIS 2018 2022-09-17T07:19:37+00:00 Pengcheng He 742622798@qq.com <p>The OECD released a survey report on the global professional development of teachers in June 2019. Through the analysis of the survey report and data information, it is found that the participation of international teachers' professional development is very high, and the content of professional development is diverse. The ways of international teachers' professional development mainly focus on the improvement of discipline knowledge and discipline teaching ability. However, international teachers also face problems such as the conflict between work and professional development, insufficient policy support and so on. The Enlightenment of the above research findings to the professional development of Chinese teachers are: paying attention to the needs of teachers, providing diversified development methods, providing on-site training, providing policy support, and improving the incentive mechanism</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/205 An Analysis on Runaway from Perspective of Cognitive Dissonance 2022-07-26T02:53:04+00:00 Ting Wang 651371513@qq.com <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The short story<em>&nbsp;Runaway</em>&nbsp;is one of the same name collection.Carla eloped with her boyfriend Clark when she was 18 and cut the contact with family. After experiencing&nbsp;the suffering from the marriage, she started the second escape but gave up in the end.&nbsp;Cognitive Dissonance refers to a situation involving conflicting attitudes, beliefs or behaviors. Carla, the protagonist experienced&nbsp;the ignorance to the point of unbearable. When she almost closed&nbsp;to the new life, she gave up with the influence of Cognitive Dissonance.&nbsp;This paper analyzes essential reasons of the two escapes of Carla in Alice Munro's short story Runaway from the perspective of Cognitive Dissonance. Strategies of dissonance relieving are offered for middle-aged woman who suffered from the mind dissonance.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/204 Analysis on the Embodiment of OBE in Cultivation of Business English Majors 2022-08-02T14:17:11+00:00 Zhi Tian TIANZHI_Avril@163.com <p>&nbsp;OBE concept is highly accepted in talent cultivation today. It attaches great importance to learning results, and its "four points" are highly matched with cultivation of application-oriented specialty. As such a specialty, Business English major stresses that its talent training specifications must meet the needs of learners and employers, and clearly stipulate the learning achievements of the major. Therefore, in the process of talent cultivation there are also “four points” that must be considered and realized to strictly implement and achieve "maximum ability", including how to define the learning outcomes of business English majors, why to define them in this way, and what ways to effectively help students achieve these learning outcomes and evaluate the learning outcomes that students have achieved.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/203 Haidilao customer evaluation based on Meituan data and analysis of the effectiveness of Haidilao's sinking strategy ——Take Hohhot as an example 2022-07-17T15:25:39+00:00 Lulu Chen 52082631@qq.com <p>This paper selects four Haidilao hotpot restaurants in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, uses web crawler technology to obtain customer scores and comprehensive evaluations on taste, environment, service, cost performance, etc. on Meituan.com, and then uses text analysis methods to explore and analyze customers’satisfaction with dining in Haidilao hotpot restaurant, and put forward feasible suggestions for the implementation of Haidilao's sinking strategy in Hohhot area.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/202 Performance Incentive and Enterprise Cost Management 2022-07-17T14:50:10+00:00 Haiying Pang panghaiying1299@126.com <p>Cost management is an important part of enterprise financial work. Active cost management can effectively reduce costs and lay the foundation for the long-term development of enterprises. When analyzing the cost management of enterprises, this paper understands the current situation of enterprise cost management and the problems existing in cost management by consulting literature and enterprise financial reports, and finally chooses to effectively combine the two from the perspective of performance incentive, combined with the current situation of enterprise cost management, hoping to strengthen the cost management of enterprises and effectively reduce the cost of enterprises, And provide accurate financial information for the decision-making of the enterprise management, and promote the long-term development strategy of the enterprise.</p> 2022-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/201 Migraines in medical students from Inner Mongolia University 2022-07-17T18:07:24+00:00 Juan sun sj6840@163.com <p><strong>Aims: </strong>This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of migraines and related factors.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong><strong>:</strong> The survey employed was a self-administered questionnaire regarding various migraine symptoms and related factors administered to medical students attending Inner Mongolia Medical College in China. We calculate migraine prevalence and evaluate migraine-related factors. Migraine prevalence based on related factors and according to gender were compared using χ<sup>2</sup> tests. The proportion of other symptoms related to migraines was also calculated.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>17.2% of surveyed students had experienced migraines. The migraines prevalence among students who used the computer for over three hours was nearly 1.5 times higher than for those who used it for less than one hour. Of those students who used a computer for more than 3 hours, migraine prevalence among female students was approximately 1.5 times greater than for males. The migraine prevalence among students with poor sleep was nearly two times higher than among those with good sleep. The migraine prevalence among students with anxiety was approximately 2.5 times higher relative to those who experienced no anxiety. The most common symptom complaint associated with migraines (&gt;97%) included limited ability to study and restricted daily activities.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong><strong>: </strong>Although the migraine prevalence in our study was moderate, it led to serious limitations in students’ study time and daily activities. In addition to measures to relieve anxiety and improve sleep quality, stricter control of computer use will be necessary, especially in female. Taken together, our study provides better insight regarding medical students’ migraine-related problems.</p> 2022-10-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/198 A Comparative Study of The Communication Behaviors of Popular and Neglected Preschool Children 2022-07-12T13:09:32+00:00 RINA SU 1980153644@qq.com <p>In this study, I developed a communication behavior observation form and used it as a research tool to analyze and compare the communication behaviors of three popular preschool children&nbsp;and three neglected preschool children. The results revealed both commonalities and significant differences in the communication behaviors of popular and neglected&nbsp;preschool&nbsp;children, with significant differences in the dimensions of communication behavior context, willingness level of communication behavior, the emotional attitude of communication behavior, the object of communication behavior, function of communication behavior, and outcome of communication behavior(P<0.05). There were no significant differences in communication behavior relationships and communication behavior performance styles(P>0.05). Whether there were commonalities or differences, popular preschool children's communication behaviors outperformed neglected preschool children's communication behaviors on various dimensions.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/197 Application of Theme-based Approach and Blended Teaching Model in College Medical English Teaching 2022-07-09T06:27:55+00:00 GUANGQIN PAN 175074711@qq.com <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>This study was conducted to discuss the application of theme-based approach and blended teaching model in college medical English teaching in You Jiang Medical University for Nationalities. A case of teaching medical English on the theme of renal failure is demonstrated and analyzed to ascertain the effectiveness of adopting theme-based approach in Medical English Teaching based on blended teaching model and some pedagogical suggestions are offered. The major finding is that while theme-based approach is adopted in medical English teaching, selecting proper themes, collecting suitable materials, choosing online or offline channels, designing and organizing interesting activities of various kinds to promote students’ language learning are vital in implementing effective teaching. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/196 Return to Nature and Gain Self-consciousness 2022-07-07T04:05:47+00:00 Haiqing Zhu maggieseasky@126.com Huan Xiong maggieseasky@126.com <p><strong>Abstract:</strong><strong>&nbsp;</strong>With the deterioration of the global ecological environment, the thinking on ecological issues&nbsp;involving&nbsp;in Jack London’s novels has attracted more and more attention of the world. This paper attempts to interpret the profound spiritual ecological consciousness in Jack London’s <em>The Valley of the Moon</em>&nbsp;from the perspective of ecocriticism through text analysis.&nbsp;A&nbsp;study of spiritual ecology should provide an approach to&nbsp;the spiritual crisis by&nbsp;analyzing&nbsp;the essence of the spiritual ecology. This paper starts with analyzing the disorder of spiritual ecology including isolation from nature and loss of self-awareness, and goes further to give an analysis on Jack London’s&nbsp;proposal that human should return to nature and regain self-consciousness. Readers may gain some enlightenment from <em>The Valley of the Moon</em>&nbsp;and this paper. &nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/158 Research on the Online Teaching for International Students in COVID-19 2022-05-25T08:58:28+00:00 Jigatai 75096287@qq.com <p>Since the outbreak of covid-19, most of the internatioanl student are taking online classes.&nbsp;</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/190 Factors Influencing Female Participation in Sports Tourism Based on Logistic Model 2022-06-29T01:40:34+00:00 Fangbin Qian 281333328@qq.com <p>With the development of women economic and the increase demand of health, there has been a considerable increase in the demand for female sports tourism consumption. However, very few researches on female sports tourism behaviour have been done in existing research literature. This paper investigates factors influencing female participation in sports tourism. The research objectives were firstly to construct a theoretical model of factors influencing female participation in sports tourism based on 4 dimensions with 31&nbsp;items, including individual characteristics, tourism behavior characteristics, sports consumption behaviors, and consumption preferences and demand, followed by analyzing intentions of female sports tourism and its influencing factors, then the study try to suggest ways of promoting female participation in sports tourism. Binary logistic regression model was used for data analysis. The findings were indicated that factors, such as age,&nbsp;census register,&nbsp;disposable income per month,&nbsp;frequency of travel, sports tourism experience,etc. have significant effects on female participation in sports tourism.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/173 A Research on the Correlation between 21st Century Skills and English Reading Strategy of English Majors: A Quantitive Study in Chengdu University 2022-06-20T08:26:59+00:00 Yanni Luo dengyanni202110@163.com <p style="font-weight: 400;">As it enters the twenty-first century, countries all over the world have developed in the field of 21<sup>st</sup>&nbsp;Century skills to adapt to global economic competition and technological advances.&nbsp;This study examines the relationship between English majors' 21st-century skills and their use of English reading strategies quantitatively and qualitatively&nbsp;and provides corresponding helpful suggestions for optimizing their use of English reading strategies and innovating teachers’ English reading pedagogy.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/183 A Review of Afghanistan's National Education Strategic Plan (2017-2021) 2022-07-18T03:11:20+00:00 Jiang Lan abcdefg6127@sina.com Jiang Lan lanjiang1016@163.com <p>The Afghanistan National Education Strategic Plan (2017-2021) is the third strategic plan for education development issued by the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan since its establishment. The Ministry of Education of Afghanistan, in accordance with the Constitution of Afghanistan and the provisions of various sectors, provides an in-depth analysis of the current situation of education in Afghanistan and sets the direction for the development of education in Afghanistan from 2017 to 2021. The Afghanistan National Education Strategic Plan (2017-2021) is divided into three main parts:quality and relevance, equitable access, and efficient and transparent management. The goal of Afghanistan's National Education Strategic Plan (2017-2021) is to develop skilled and capable Afghan citizens through the Afghan education system to sustain Afghanistan's socio-economic development and social cohesion.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal https://rclss.com/index.php/pij/article/view/217 Changing Geo-Political Dynamics Of China-Pakistan Relations 2022-09-17T04:09:52+00:00 Jun abcdefg6127@sina.com Masood Khalid abcdefg6127@sina.com <p>In the 1940’s , China emerged as a new country on the world map. Pakistan was founded two years earlier than China. The geopolitical dynamics brought the two countries together ever since. While facing their own internal or external challenges, the two sides developed a close partnership in culture, society, and ideology, setting up a unique example of mutual understanding and cooperation. This article gives a detailed discussion and analysis on the relations of the two countries from a geopolitical perspective from 1950s to 2020s, a span of 70 years. The article starts with the diplomatic relations between the two sides in the 1950s, when the first generation leaders developed the diplomatic ties in a positive way. The friendship moved forward with frequent official visits, the building of the Karakorum Highway, the secret channel Pakistan played for China to establish diplomatic ties with US, mutual support on international issues. In the 21<sup>st</sup> century, the two sides enhanced their relations to all weather strategic relations under the background of BRI and CPEC. The article draws the conclusion that China's elevation and economic preeminence is shaping a new, prosperous and vibrant region. South Asia’s demographic and huge economic potential are promising. The two countries can join hands together to make this dream of a prosperous, secure and peaceful region by aligning with those who wish to win the race, leaving losers behind.</p> 2022-09-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal