Pacific International Journal 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Rahim Jafar Open Journal Systems <p>Pacific International Journal "PIJ" (E-ISSN 2616-4825 &amp; P-ISSN 2663-8991) is an international, nonprofit, open access, online, and double-blind peer-reviewed journal that has been published since 2018 in Pakistan. This journal's main objective is to serve as an intellectual and scientific platform to develop and promote the multidisciplinary studies and research of the international scholars in the field described in more detail below. Pacific International Journal published the original research articles that identify, explain, and analyze real-world issues. It accepts full-length multidisciplinary research articles on a full range of topics. Pacific International journal is inviting submissions from authors according to the aims and scope of the journal. The PIJ is published in an open-access format – articles are published on the journal's website immediately after acceptance, giving the scientific community and the public unlimited and free access to the content.</p> <p><em><strong>By 2021 PIJ editorial team decided to publish only two issues in a year to improve research quality.</strong></em></p> <p>We also encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research relating to Business, Management, economics, education, arts, in as much detail as possible in order to promote scientific predictions and impact assessments of global change and development. Full experimental and methodical details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced.</p> <p>Anyone may submit an original article to be considered for publication in Pacific International Journal provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article.</p> <h3>Benefits of publishing with PIJ</h3> <ul> <li><strong>Open access: </strong>Completely free for readers and authors. There are no fees charged for submission, subscription and article processing.</li> <li><strong>Rapid publication: </strong>PIJ is committed to getting the manuscripts peer-reviewed, and a first decision is provided to authors approximately 4-6 weeks after submission.</li> <li><strong>Recognition of reviewers: </strong>Reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports shall receive credits.</li> <li><strong>High visibility and Indexing: </strong>Indexed by: <ul> <li>Index Copernicus</li> <li>Google Scholar</li> <li>Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)</li> <li>International Scientific Indexing</li> <li>Cite Factor Academic Scientific Journals</li> <li>Scientific Indexing Service</li> <li>Academic resource Index Research Bib</li> <li>Scientific Journal Impact Factor</li> <li>China National Knowledge Infrastructure, 中国知网</li> <li>Under Review for multiple indexes and databases including EBSCO, ESCI, OAJI, and Scopus</li> </ul> </li> </ul> Research on the Relationship between Emotional States and English Learning 2023-06-14T15:37:18+00:00 Xiaoliang Jing Xianggang Wei <p>This paper explores the relationship between emotional states and English learning performance, aiming to provide insights into the mechanisms through which emotions influence language learning outcomes. The study examines the impact of emotional states on learning engagement and performance, language use and fluency, and investigates the strategies learners employ to regulate their emotions in English learning. The research design utilizes qualitative methods, including semi structured interviews, with a sample of students and teachers from Guilin Medical University. The findings reveal that emotional states significantly affect learning engagement and performance, with positive emotions enhancing motivation and active participation, while negative emotions impede engagement and hinder learning outcomes. Emotional states also influence language use and fluency, with positive emotions improving fluency and negative emotions hindering it. Learners employ various strategies, such as deep breathing exercises and seeking support, to regulate their emotions during English learning. Teacher support is identified as crucial in fostering emotional well-being and creating a supportive learning environment. Cultural and individual factors are found to shape learners' emotional responses in English learning. The results highlight the importance of addressing emotional states in English learning to enhance overall performance and wellbeing, and suggest the need for tailored interventions that consider cultural and individual factors. These findings have practical implications for educators and language practitioners, emphasizing the importance of promoting emotional well being and engagement in English learning contexts.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Chinese University Students' English Reading Strategies: An Analysis of the Current Situation and A Proposal for Enhancement 2023-06-03T08:06:56+00:00 Rui ZHENG <p>English reading strategies and awareness of reading strategies are of great significance for English learners to master and possess high English reading abilities, but in reality, learners' ability to apply English reading strategies is still unsatisfactory. Moreover, this issue seems to be a common and urgent issue for all learners of English as a second language. This study taking a Chinese university (Hunan University of Science and Engineering, HUSE) as an example, using the &nbsp;Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS) to measure three broad categories of reading strategies, 527 respondents involved, &nbsp;through comparing data mean values of English majors with non-English majors and the composite mean value of these respondents, found that: (a) English major students have higher reading strategy awareness than non-English major students; (b) English major and non-English major students are at different levels in terms of reading strategy awareness and generally have a moderate level of reading strategies; (c) There is great room for improvement in university students’ reading strategy. Centering on how to make good use of the teaching resources of reading courses and how to use innovative ways and methods to enhance the awareness and ability of college students' reading strategies, this study puts forward four measures, namely, attaching importance to reading strategy education in reading course teaching, attaching importance to the leading role of reading course teachers in improving students' reading strategy level in curriculum teaching, attaching importance to students' main role, and strengthening students' reading strategy training.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Analysis of Influencing Factors on Consumers' Willingness to Purchase Anhua Dark Tea Based on Perceived Value Model 2023-05-30T15:31:28+00:00 Shihua Zuo <p>Anhua dark tea, a rapidly growing industry since 2006, has played a pivotal role in poverty alleviation and economic prosperity for Anhua County. However, recent years have witnessed a decline in sales volume, raising concerns among scholars due to changing shopping environments, business models, and consumer demographics. Drawing upon consumer behavior theory and the perceived value model, this study proposes hypotheses to explore the factors influencing consumers' purchase decisions regarding dark tea, focusing on perceived functional value, social value, income value, and cultural value. By collecting Likert-scale data and basic information, the study employs SPSS and Amos for data analysis, aiming to validate the proposed hypotheses. The results indicate that perceived functional value, social value, and cultural value have a significantly positive impact on consumers' intention to purchase Anhua dark tea. Building on the empirical findings, this study suggests strategies such as standardized production, product structure adjustments, diversified product offerings, and the promotion of value-added and culturally enriched dark tea products. Furthermore, the study emphasizes the importance of establishing a comprehensive black tea industry chain, integrating tea culture with local communities, and enhancing product value and reputation through the creation of "product IP," "geographical IP," and "cultural IP" for Anhua dark tea. By fostering consumer loyalty, Anhua dark tea can emerge as a representative of Hunan Province and a symbol of Chinese tea culture, carrying its therapeutic potential to a global audience.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal An Overview of Research on the Issue of Reference 2023-05-30T15:30:31+00:00 Feng He <p> This paper provides an overview of reference study, focusing on its definition, importance, methods, and current research trends both abroad and in China. Reference is a fundamental linguistic function that explains the relationship between words and the specific objects they name. The authors highlight the significance of reference in philosophy and linguistics and emphasize the need for further investigation, particularly considering the unique characteristics of Chinese characters. The paper discusses the importance of referential reviews in integrating research results, identifying trends and knowledge gaps, developing theories and concepts, providing practical guidance, and promoting interdisciplinary communication. The methods employed in referential study, including systematic search, data analysis, and interpretation, are described in detail. The current situation of reference study abroad is examined, with a focus on rising analysis on pragmatic reference, deeper research on mental reference, multi-dimensional research on reference mechanism, and relatively independent research on reference. The state of reference research in China is also explored, highlighting the introduction and interpretation of foreign reference theories, as well as the emergence of local referential thought. Finally, the paper suggests future directions for domestic referential study, such as incorporating new ideas from abroad, conducting corpus analysis, and modernizing and localizing referential theories in Chinese linguistic context.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal A Study on the Current Situation of the Development of Kindergarten Physical Intelligence Curriculum in Enshi Prefecture 2023-05-27T06:27:54+00:00 Li Shen <p><strong>Abstract</strong><strong>:</strong>&nbsp;This study presents survey data and interview results from experts at Wuhan Happy Smart Beans Culture Communication Co., Ltd, a well-established children's body intelligence education and training institution in Enshi. The study investigates the current state of kindergarten body intelligence curriculum development, analyzing its policies, goal setting, activity content, organization, and evaluation of effectiveness. The findings contribute to a realistic understanding of early childhood physical intelligence curriculum research and teacher training for early childhood physical education teachers.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Correlation Between Anxiety Levels and Foreign Language Learning Among University Students 2023-05-27T06:23:51+00:00 sirui wang <p>Anxiety is a prevalent psychological state that significantly impacts foreign language learning. Specifically, "second/foreign language anxiety" (FLA) refers to the anxiety associated with the acquisition of a foreign language, characterized by learners' negative emotional reactions. Foreign language acquisition encompasses a complex range of self-perceptions, beliefs, feelings, and behaviors related to language learning. Research has indicated a connection between anxiety levels among university students and their foreign language learning outcomes. This correlation provides an opportunity for further investigation into foreign language learning strategies, anxiety reduction, and improved performance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The influence of working environment on well-being and job satisfaction of healthcare providers in geriatric nursing facilities in Shandong Province in China 2023-05-23T07:49:30+00:00 Xiaoli Hu Ying Ren Yan-fei Qi Sheng-yong Chu <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the relationships between working environment, job satisfaction and subjective well-being. Based on the data gathered from 229 employees in the geriatric nursing facilities in Shandong province in China, 68% of elderly caregivers for the elderly, who were examined using the GWB scale, had scores exceeding 73, which indicates positive well-being. Approximately 57 (34.89%) caregivers reported being dissatisfied with their job.Correlation analyses showed that better working environment had positive effects on employees’ well-being and job satisfaction. Multiple linear regression analysis identified several factors that significantly increased the odds of subjective well-being. This included job satisfaction, the number of seniors you care for and the working environment. Specifically, registered nurses working in geriatric nursing facilities had lower levels of subjective well-being compared with other elderly caregivers.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The The Necessity and Suggestion of Continuing Education for Accountants 2023-05-25T02:40:56+00:00 Qiong Zi Chen <p>Whether it is a government unit or an enterprise, in the process of carrying out daily accounting work, accountants are always the core of accounting work, and the quality of accountants is the necessary basic condition for accountants to engage in accounting work. It determines the quality of accounting work. Continuing education for accountants is to improve the overall quality of accountants, specifically including political literacy, professional ethics, and professional skills, so as to create a group of accounting personnel who meet the needs of social and economic development and are proficient in professional skills. Senior accounting management talents with high professional ethics. The content of continuing education for accountants is divided into public subjects and professional subjects. Public subjects include basic knowledge such as laws and regulations, policy theories, professional ethics, and technical information that professional technicians should generally master. Professional subjects are divided into professional general knowledge, professional There are three categories of core knowledge and professional development knowledge. This paper mainly combines the results of literature research on continuing education, and on the basis of previous studies, expounds the necessity of continuing education for accountants, analyzes the problems in the development of continuing education for accountants, and explores the future of continuing education for accountants. Development proposals and methods for readers' reference.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Practical Exploration of Ethnic Intangible Cultural Heritage theme in the Thematic Art Creation of College Students 2023-05-19T14:28:15+00:00 NI NI <p>Theme-based art creation refers to the creation that revolves around a specific theme, with a certain plot, which can reflect the spirit of the times and align with the prevailing trends of the era. From the perspective of national intangible cultural heritage, exploring theme-based art creation in contemporary China is an important way to expand and enrich its connotation. It requires artists to organically integrate the characteristics of national intangible cultural heritage with the subject matter, ideas, and styles of theme-based creation. It aims to explore the intrinsic connection between national intangible cultural heritage and theme-based art creation.In recent years, various initiatives such as the "National Major Historical Theme Art Creation Project" and the "Chinese Civilization Historical Theme Art Creation Project" at the national level, as well as local series of theme-based art creation activities, have stimulated the enthusiasm and vitality of artists, giving rise to a large number of high-quality theme-based artworks. Therefore, the author explores and taps into the relevant resources of national intangible cultural heritage, applies them to art creation practices in universities, ignites the creative enthusiasm and innovative ability of college students, leverages the advantages of art resources in remote areas, and enables college students to create artworks that reflect regional ethnic culture using image resources in the information age. Ultimately, this will lead to the development of artistic creation methods and strategies with universal application value in the field of intangible cultural heritagent of this paper.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal An Analysis of the Current Situation of Chinese University Students' English Reading Self-efficacy and A Proposed Intervention Program for Enhancement 2023-05-18T14:22:01+00:00 Rui ZHENG <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p>China attaches great importance to the development of English language learning and education, and English language education is still in the process of continuous exploration and improvement. Improving students' English reading self-efficacy to enhance their English reading is an attempt to enhance students' English reading from the perspective of non-linguistic factors. Taking a Chinese university (Hunan University of Science and Engineering, HUSE) as an example, a questionnaire survey and data analysis on university students' English reading self-efficacy found that: The university students are generally at a medium level in English reading self-efficacy. Guaranteeing students' time investment in reading, improving students' reading materials, strengthening of strategic guidance for students' reading, improving students' reading style, strengthening teachers' guidance on attribution of students' reading failures and on praising students for successful reading events are the proposed intervention program for enhancement of English reading self-efficacy.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Getting Multicultural Concepts from Malaysian Modern Pewter Craftwork 2023-05-09T07:39:12+00:00 Wei Hu Zainuddin bin Abindinhazir <p style="font-weight: 400;"><em>&nbsp;Traditional pewter craft in Malaysia has a development history of more than 100 years and achieved success in the modern market, compared to the recession in the original countries of traditional pewter manufacturing such as China and Euro-American countries. This article is a study of the multicultural features contained in the design of pewter craft works, which is one of the main factors for the success. The evaluation method is based on judgmental or purposive sampling on part of a large collection of pewter craft works from major Malaysian companies and local pewter craft workshops. The analysis of this study reveals a regulation of the multicultural features in Malaysian modern pewter craft works, and provides a way how artisans and designers get multicultural design awareness. A set of practical steps about the way of designers combine the production of traditional craftwork with different cultural elements, which is effectively beneficial to develop a traditional cultural craft in contemporary time. The findings of this study are expected to be useful in culture-based design, expanding the cultural vision of contemporary artists and designers based on the way of thinking and rules of the internal evolution of a country's culture.</em></p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Application of Heroic Narrative in English Teaching among Chinese Vocational Universities 2023-05-16T14:03:30+00:00 Yanxia Fan <p>Heroic narrative is a form of traditional literary with rich cultural connotations and artistic value. The heroic narrative is a storytelling device that portrays a protagonist, often referred to as the hero, embarking on a challenging journey or quest. The hero is typically portrayed as courageous, virtuous, and possessing extraordinary abilities or qualities.In the context of English teaching in Chinese vocational universities, heroic narratives can be used as reading and analysis materials.Creating heroic narratives can improve students' writing ability and creative thinking, learning the cultural elements in Chinese heroic narratives can enhance students' cultural self-confidence, strengthen students' belief in heroes and their love for the country and improve their ability to apply English. By conducting a questionnaire and analyzing the responses,the author designs a variety of out classroom teaching activities in the form of tutoring the English corner activities and holding a series of competitions, this paper aims at exploring the application of heroic narrative in the English teaching of vocational universities in China, in order to cultivate students' excellent qualities of Chinese heroes,such as patriotism,filial piety,courage and honor and integrity. And at the same time the research result can provide some useful enlightenment for English educators in vocational universities.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Study on the Influencing Factors of the Profitability of A-share Listed Catering Companies Based on DuPont Analysis 2023-05-15T13:12:17+00:00 Ting Dai <p>This study aims to determine the financial indicators that affect the profitability of Chinese A-share listed catering companies. The literature shows that more profitable companies are often more competitive and can also bring greater returns to investors. Therefore, it seems very necessary to identify the factors that affect the profitability of A-share listed catering companies. This study was based on the samples of the four catering companies,Tongqinglou,Guangzhou Restaurant ,Quanjude Group,Xi’an Catering,listed on China A-shares from 2018 to 2022. In order to determine the indicators affecting the profitability of the listed catering companies, based on DuPont analysis ,I conducted a large number of data analysis on the financial statements of these four companies and preliminarily determined 12 indicators. In order to determine the significance of the impact of each indicator on profitability, I used correlation analysis for screening.And finally, seven indicators were determined, namely: Return on equity,&nbsp;Return on total asset,Sales profit margin,&nbsp;Cost profit margin,&nbsp;Earnings per share&nbsp;,&nbsp;Total assets turnover ratio, and Profit rate on fixed assets.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The The Application of Risk Identification in the Safety Production of Electric Power Enterprises 2023-05-14T14:16:31+00:00 Lei Ma <p>With the continuous maturity and application of electric power technology, the electric power system has gradually moved towards the direction of large power grid, ultra-high voltage, large unit and intelligence, and the operation safety problems of electric power enterprises continue to emerge. In the safety risk management of electric power enterprises, the first thing is to evaluate the risks existing in the work of power grid. Risk assessment needs to monitor the working condition of the power system and evaluate the possible risks in the actual working process. Strengthening the risk assessment of power system and improving the safety risk assessment level of power system are of great theoretical significance and engineering application value for the future development of power system. Only by establishing the safety risk assessment system of power system can we make scientific and standardized countermeasures when emergencies occur. In the process of power engineering safety risk management, the primary task is to identify the risk factors correctly and comprehensively. Only by accurately and efficiently identifying risk factors, can we correctly grasp the law of development and change of potential risks, correctly measure the size of risks, and choose effective methods to deal with corresponding risks according to the actual situation.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Conceptional Reconstruction of High School English Teaching from the Perspective of Deep Learning 2023-05-11T04:24:09+00:00 Zhang Yi <p>As one of the important subjects in senior high school, English is not only a tool for communication, but also has rich cultural significance. High school English teaching should not only make students realize its instrumental significance, but also connect English with social life to guide students to establish correct values and achieve all-round development. The new college entrance examination reform puts more emphasis on competence education and the overall development of students. Meanwhile, the examination-oriented education in senior high school English teaching is still outstanding, and theory of "focus only on scores" is still prevalent. The theories of senior high school English teaching lag behind the development of the times and the call of the country. Deep learning emphasizes the acquisition of students’ English ability, attaches importance to the cultivation of students' values, and supports the comprehensive development of students, which is complementary to course education. It also has enlightening significance for the reform of English teaching in senior high schools. The paper focuses upon the conceptional reconstruction of senior high school English teaching through the perspective of deep learning theory, and discusses the positive impact of deep learning on the improvement of senior high school students’ English learning initiative, the accumulation of humanistic quality and the formation of values.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal On the Musical Characteristics of the Local Opera Liushan Bangzi 2023-05-11T04:25:39+00:00 Changyuan Shao <p>&nbsp;Liushan Bangzi, also referred to as Kaoshan Bangzi, is a traditional local opera that originated in the Linyi, China more than 200 years ago. Based on Shanshan Bangzi, it mixes elements of Linyi's dialect, folk music, and traditions to create a distinctive brand of opera music. With the goal of bringing Liushan Bangzi to the attention of other researchers and providing research references, we examine Liushan Bangzi from three angles in this paper, using field research and our practice of singing it. These three aspects are the opera's history, its musical elements, and its accompanists.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Study on Teaching Techniques to Improve Chinese Children's Early Reading Fluency 2023-05-07T02:11:57+00:00 lixia liu Laibin Wang Felisse Marianne Z. San Juan <p> This paper discusses the problems that exist in the development of early reading fluency among children in first-tier cities in China, including unclear reading goals, inappropriate selection of reading materials, inadequate teaching methods, and unscientific reading environment. Through on-site experience, open interviews, observation, case studies, and surveys, the author analyzes these problems and proposes corresponding solutions from seven aspects: cultivating reading skills as the core, emphasizing phonemic awareness in teaching, creating a reasonable teaching environment for early childhood reading, setting up a reading area, creating a psychological environment conducive to cultivating children's reading skills, emphasizing the guiding significance of early childhood reading, and creating successful reading experiences for young children. These suggestions and solutions provide relevant decision-making and guidance for kindergartens, parents, and teachers to carry out early reading activities, which have important value for promoting the development of children's early reading fluency in China.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Survey on vaccination and infection of middle school students after the full liberalization of COVID-19 2023-05-06T15:48:54+00:00 Yanping Liu <p> Objective To explore the situation of COVID-19 vaccination and infection among middle school students after the full liberalization of [the]COVID-19 restraciation, and to provide theoretical basis and support for health reflection after the epidemic. Methods On the basis of convenient sampling, A cluster sampling method was adopted. In February 2023, a survey was carried out among all the students in a town[A] level middle school in the southeast of Henan Province in China. Their general information, COVID-19 vaccination and infection data were obtained in the form of questionnaire stars. To explore the vaccination and infection of COVID-19 among middle scho[]ol students with different characteristics, and to conduct multifactor logistic regression analysis on the independent variables of different grades of middle school students, the length of sleep every day, daily exercise duration, whether they have underlying diseases, monthly families income , and the vaccination status as independen[independent ]t variables. and the dependent variables of infection such as those who have not been infected with COVID-19, who have been infected with COVID-19 once, who have been infected with COVID-19 twice, and who have symptoms but have not undergone nucleic acid testing. Results After the COVID-19 pandemic, there were 57 middle school students receiving the COVID-19 vaccine ≤1 dose, accounting for 4.54%. 794 people (63.32%) were inoculated with 2 doses; 403 patients received 3 doses, accounting for 32.14%. The number of people who were not infected was 413, accounting for 32.93%; The number of people who were infected for first-time was 697, accounting for 55.58%; 29 people were re-infected, accounting for 1.99%; There were 119 patients with unwell symptoms but no nucleic acid test, accounting for 9.49%.Through correlation test and multivariate logistic analysis, it was found that senior grades and underlying diseases were the possible factors that caused the infection and severity of COVID-19. Conclusion The overall vaccination of middle school students in the region is relatively good. Grade and whether there is a basic disease are related to whether they are infected with COVID-19, and whether there is a basic disease is related to reinfections. It is recommended to pay attention to the basic diseases of middle school students and maybe explore the opening of 12-year compulsory education in response to the severe infection situation in third grade.At the same time, we should carry out scientific, effective and dynamic closed-loop health management for middle school students.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Application Effect of Four-Subjects and Four-Dimensions Evaluation System in the Classroom Teaching of Geriatric Nursing 2023-05-05T09:20:40+00:00 Xin Han Xiaoling Li <p>Geriatric nursing is the main course for cultivating elderly nursing talents. The teaching quality of geriatric nursing is the key element of training elderly nursing talents. Therefore, it is of great significance to improve the classroom teaching quality of geriatric nursing. The purpose of this study is to construct a four-subject and four-dimension evaluation system and explore its application effect in geriatric nursing teaching. From February 2022 to July 2022, an experimental study was conducted on 185 sophomore nursing students from Zaozhuang Vocational College. The experimental group adopted the four-subject and four-dimension evaluation system, while the control group adopted the summative evaluation method. The study found that the scores of the experimental group were higher than those of the control group (P&lt;0.05). In addition, the academic evaluation of the experimental group was significantly improved (P&lt;0.05). The results show that the application of four subjects and four dimensions evaluation system in geriatric nursing teaching is conducive to improving students' learning effect and comprehensive ability.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Special Vocabulary Learning Difficulties for EFL Students with Chinese Backgrounds 2023-05-01T13:46:48+00:00 Lina Bao <p>This paper discussed three important factors related to the special difficulties of EFL learners: coursebooks, language distance, and teachers. EFL students' vocabulary input sources lack real context and socio-cultural context of target language. At this point, efforts cannot be focused on creating a real context for them, which is unrealistic, but to find special methods based on the special difficulties of EFL. For EFL learners, coursebooks, as one of the numerous learning resources, have become the most important way for them to input language. This should be the starting point for finding EFL learners' difficulties and solving them. In addition, the large language distance between Chinese and English causes students to encounter certain difficulties in learning the target language. For the issue of contrasting the differences between NEST and non-NEST, which has been extensively studied, this paper proposed that the focus of researchers should be on providing effective vocabulary learning strategies for EFL students, rather than contrasting the two of them. According to the "Learning Burden of a Word " proposed by Nation, this paper lastly stated the strengths and weaknesses of EFL coursebooks. After analysis, the strengths of the textbook are that most textbooks provide pronunciation, all textbooks provide written form, but provide contextual meaning. The primary stage textbooks provide explanations of grammatical functions. The main weaknesses are the lack of explanation modules for word parts, related means, concepts and references, settlements and constraints on use.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Reflections on Realization Paths of Curriculum Ideology and Politics in Senior High School English 2023-04-25T15:13:29+00:00 建欧 吴 <p>Since the introduction of the concept of "Curriculum Ideology and Politics" in comprehensive education reform, senior high schools have actively embraced its implementation throughout the entire education process. However, due to the pressures of exam-oriented education, systematic integration into actual frontline teaching work has been challenging, with various factors hindering its development. These include difficulties in exploring ideological and political elements within textbooks, a lack of vitality in traditional teaching models, and outdated educational mechanisms. Considering that teachers play a crucial role as educational leaders, textbooks serve as the primary tools for teachers' educational activities, and the education mechanism provides the institutional framework for teaching, these three interconnected components collectively shape the education and teaching process. Therefore, this study aims to explore the most suitable teaching mode for integrating foreign language ideological and political instruction into the curriculum through three paths: upgrading the teaching model, updating textbook content, and innovating the educational mechanism. To achieve this, the study will employ textbook analysis as a methodology and provide suggestions to textbook compilers on effectively integrating "Curriculum Ideology and Politics" into senior high school English teaching. These efforts aim to enhance the vitality of the English subject.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Application and Design Research of Chinese Painting Elements in Cultural and Creative Products 2023-04-27T12:24:05+00:00 彦 唐 <p><span style="">Chinese painting is a treasured art form of the Chinese nation, serving as an important cultural medium for disseminating its humanistic spirit. In current times, while Chinese painting continues to explore and inherit traditional painting techniques, it also engages in cross-border integration and innovation with other art forms. It is imperative to fully excavate the expressive mode, elements, and humanistic values of Chinese painting, selecting, analyzing, and refining the most distinctive cultural elements and applying them to the design of creative products. This paper conducts a study on the successes and challenges in the design and development of cultural and creative products based on Chinese painting through multiple case studies, with the goal of guiding it towards a path of combining protection, inheritance, and development, and to create a series of creative design works that convey the aesthetic essence of traditional Chinese painting. This research inspires innovative and practical ideas for integrating traditional culture and contemporary design research, including how Chinese painting can maximize its cultural value and aesthetic characteristics in the design of creative products, as well as the application and design methods of Chinese painting elements in the cultural and creative industry.</span></p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal A study on the correlation between English learning styles and learning strategies of junior middle school students 2023-04-28T05:17:52+00:00 Ruitang He <p>Abstract: Researches show that learning style and learning strategy are two very important factors that affect English learning, and their mutual influence plays a role in language learning. Based On Reid's theory of perceptual learning styles and Oxford's theory of language learning strategies, this study uses the questionnaire of perceptual learning styles and language learning strategies to investigate 99 students from two classes of the second grade of a key middle school in Changchun, and interviews 12 of them.This paper explores the correlation between English learning styles and English learning strategies of junior high school students by using quantitative and qualitative methods. The results are as follows: (1) The general characteristics of junior high school students' English learning styles are that they have a variety of secondary learning styles, and only the visual style is their main learning style. (2) Junior high school students are not good at using English learning strategies, their utilization rate is low, and they lack frequently used learning strategies. (3) There are certain correlations between English learning styles and learning strategies of junior high school students, and they are all positive, but most of them are low. According to the results of the study, some suggestions are put forward for teachers and students.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Recent Advances on Primary Sjogren's Syndrome and Depression Relationship 2023-04-25T15:12:12+00:00 sun lei yang gaoyuan <p>Primary Sjogren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the exocrine glands, leading to dryness of the eyes, mouth, and other mucous membranes. Depression is a common comorbidity in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome, and it can have a significant impact on patients' quality of life. This review paper provides an overview of the clinical presentation and prevalence of primary Sjogren's syndrome and depression, as well as a summary of the research progress on the relationship between these two conditions. The proposed mechanisms underlying the relationship between primary Sjogren's syndrome and depression, including neuroendocrine and immune system dysregulation, proinflammatory cytokines, stress and coping mechanisms, psychological factors, and other factors, are also discussed. Additionally, various treatment options for depression in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome are reviewed, including pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. While there are some limitations to the current research, understanding the relationship between primary Sjogren's syndrome and depression is important for improving the care and quality of life of patients with this condition.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Conceptual Framework and Intervention Principles of Psychological Resilience 2023-04-24T04:07:36+00:00 Qingxing Wu <p>To improve the operationalization and targeting of interventions, psychological resilience requires a integrated explanatory framework as well as clear intervention principles which fit specific cultural contexts. The study outlines four waves of psychological resilience research, arguing that psychological resilience is both an ability to cope with adversity that all people have and a process of immunization, rebound and growth with distinct individual characteristics and different ecological levels that can be unified in a multi-level, multi-dimensional framework. Psychological resilience interventions should follow the principles of individualization, localization, multisystem integration, developmental appropriateness, and evidence-based practice.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal A Study on the Creative Approach of Luo Zhenyu's Oracle Bone Calligraphy 2023-04-23T16:40:42+00:00 zongyang wu <p>In the history of Chinese culture, the oracle bone script, along with the Dunhuang documents, the Han jian of the Western region, and the Great Treasury of the Cabinet, are known as the four major discoveries of the twentieth century. The oracle bone script has a history of more than 3,000 years. In the field of philology and archaeology, its appearance has brought original materials for the examination of the origin of Chinese characters; in the field of art, its appearance is a great asset for the study of oracle bone script calligraphy. From the dimension of the study of the history of calligraphy, the oracle bone script already possesses the three basic elements of calligraphy: the brush, the knotted character, and the chapter, and is the earliest system of writing with a more mature system and aesthetic nature in the development of Chinese writing. From the perspective of the pen, the oracle bone script was carved with a knife on hard turtle shells or animal bones, so the lines of the script are mainly straight lines of uniform thickness, showing a slightly thicker middle and slightly thinner ends, showing the aesthetic characteristics of thinness and solidity, uprightness and sharpness, giving people a strong three-dimensional sense and visual impact. As a script, oracle bones have both their linguistic communication and their calligraphic artistry.We examine oracle bone calligraphy in terms of writing instruments, brushwork, and chapter forms. The purpose of this paper is to identify problems and analyze them in a step-by-step manner by using a logical tree model of deduction through writing practice and documentary evidence to explore the feasibility of oracle bone calligraphy from three aspects: writing materials, brush structure, and composition form</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Status and Countermeasures of Art Education in Primary and Secondary Schools in Ethnic Minority Areas 2023-04-22T08:50:05+00:00 YUHAN LIU <p>Fine art is a crucial discipline within the field of aesthetics, and fine art education serves as a significant component of aesthetic education. It holds great importance in providing a comprehensive education and fostering the holistic development and well-being of primary and secondary school students. The deficiency in fine art education within primary and secondary schools located in ethnic minority areas necessitates that teachers acknowledge these gaps, analyze their underlying causes, and explore effective measures to promote its development. Revitalizing fine art education is both the mission and responsibility of schools and teachers, as well as a shared aspiration of all sectors of society. In order to achieve this, teachers must enhance their ideological awareness, innovate institutional mechanisms, foster integration and collaboration, and prioritize and strengthen fine art education. Furthermore, it is essential to identify gaps, address deficiencies, increase investment in education, and expand access to high-quality resources. Leveraging the cultural characteristics of ethnic minorities, schools should develop curriculum that is tailored to their specific needs. Additionally, efforts should be made to enrich the teaching force and elevate teaching standards, including forging partnerships with local universities to enhance the professionalism of fine art teachers and strengthen the collective capacity.<br />This study focuses on the current state of fine art education in primary and secondary schools within the Enshi Grand Canyon Scenic Area Administration in Enshi City, Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hubei Province. By utilizing interviews and documentary analysis, the author examines and dissects a primary and secondary school located in a remote town. The aim is to reflect upon and analyze the existing conditions and challenges of fine art education in primary and secondary schools within ethnic minority areas, explore novel ideas in fine art education, and propose measures for improvement and advancement.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal On Chinese Children’s Acquisition of Motion Events 2023-04-18T01:59:23+00:00 Congcong wang <p>The motion events expressions in Chinese have been a controversial topic and few research on them from the developmental perspective. Therefore, based on the long-term tracking corpus of two Mandarin children SWK and WMX from their 13 months to 48 months, this paper studies the lexicalization of Chinese children’s motion events in the process of language acquisition to reveal the unique features in Chinese motion event expressions. Research revealed that at age 3, Chinese children began to express motion events primarily using the serial verb structure, that is, a manner verb + path verb pattern and children’s motion event expressions grew progressively more extensive with age. Chinese children follow the satellite-framed language pattern early on. The authentic language use in corpora and the features found based on them prove that Chinese is a satellite-framed language. The present study offers a new type of evidence for the typological properties of the language from the developmental perspective and could shed fresh insight on a thorny issue regarding the classification of Mandarin Chinese in motion events.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal On Foreignization’s Contribution to Spreading Chinese Language and Culture in Pearl S. Buck’s All Men Are Brothers 2023-04-17T09:00:18+00:00 Shaoming Wu <p> Nowadays, “Spreading China’s voice and telling Chinese stories” is a trend and the translation involving Chinese cultural publicity becomes a focus of domestic translation work. The use of foreignization strategy is conducive to the export of source language and culture. With the cultural turn of translation, especially in translation involving cultural factors, foreignization plays an increasingly important role in translation. As one of the four classics, Shui Hu Zhuan is publicly regarded as a masterpiece with great achievement both in the Chinese “good fellow” culture and typical Chinese language features. Amid translation versions of this book, Pearl S. Buck’s All Men Are Brothers is highly praised for spreading Chinese language and culture with foreignization strategy. Typical cases are chosen from Shui Hu Zhuan and its translation All Men Are Brothers to research foreignization strategy’s contribution to spreading Chinese language and culture abroad.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Research on the Industrial Transfer from the Yangtze River Delta to Linyi City based on the Industrial Gradient Coefficient 2023-04-17T09:51:22+00:00 YANMIN TIAN <p>The Yangtze River Delta region, represented by Shanghai, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, has grown as one of the most developed regions in China based on the acceptance of international industrial transfer. However, along with the rising factor costs, increasing environmental pressure and resource constraints, it has become a general trend to upgrade industrial structure, give priority to intensive, high technology and high value-added industries, some labor-intensive and capital-intensive industries is moved to other regions in the country. As the southern gate of Shandong Province, Linyi City is close to the Yangtze River Delta, with a common history, and complementary resources, and is an important hub connecting the north and south economies. It should take full advantage of its location, natural resources and labor resources to actively undertake the industrial transfer of the Yangtze River Delta and participate in the regional economic cooperation and development of the Yangtze River Delta. The difference in the development level between the transferring and taking over places is a prerequisite for industrial transfer, which can be measured by the industrial gradient coefficient, which shows the different levels of industrial gradients to determine the transferring industries in the Yangtze River Delta region; in addition, the relative industrial gradient coefficient is introduced to determine the industries Linyi can take over.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Innovative Principles for the Choreography of Competitive Martial Arts Routine Movements 2023-04-13T02:45:24+00:00 Jianwei Xiao <p>With the increasing attention given by the Chinese State General Administration of Sports to local traditional sports, competitive martial arts has garnered more and more attention worldwide. Various international and domestic competitions have emerged, and in order to attract global attention while promoting the internationalization of competitive martial arts, the choreography of routines has become a hot topic of great concern to martial arts coaches, athletes, and researchers. This paper discusses the innovative principles for the choreography of competitive martial arts routines by reviewing literature and interviewing experts such as wellknown martial arts coaches and referees, in order to broaden the thinking of innovative routines in competitive martial arts competitions, enhance the appeal of competitive martial arts, increase the excitement of competitions, and provide theoretical references for the adaptation and innovation of competitive martial arts routine movements.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Translator’s Adaptation and Selection in the Approach to Translation as Adaptation and Selection 2023-04-12T11:00:40+00:00 Yuexia Li <table> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><em>San Zi Jing</em>, with short form, pleasing rhythm and profound significance, is a well-known and representative classic among ancient enlightenment children’s books in traditional Chinese society. The core of Translation as Adaptation and Selection is the translator’s adaptation to the translational eco-environment of the original text and the translator’s selection of the translational eco-environment of the translated text. This paper analyzes three translators’ different adaptations and selections by comparing three chosen English translated texts of <em>San Zi Jing</em> from the perspective of linguistic dimension, namely phonology, vocabulary and syntactical structure. It helps to have a better understanding for production of the three different versions for readers and arouses the attention on the ideational level of language in the process of Chinese classics translation.</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Internal Control in Chinese SMEs 2023-04-12T08:29:57+00:00 Na Feng <p>SMEs represent economic vitality and can reflect the degree of development of a country's economy; the more developed the economy, the greater the number of SMEs. However, the survival environment of SMEs is complicated, resulting in short life cycle and weak risk resistance. Fortunately, China's SME business environment is getting better and better. At this time, if SMEs want to survive in the competition and develop in the survival, they just need to improve their own business management and risk prevention ability. And internal control is one of the important management tools and functions to enhance market competitiveness.<br />Internal control for SMEs is equivalent to capillaries for people. Any organ or part of a human being is covered with capillaries, and internal control is also ubiquitous throughout the entire life cycle of SMEs, covering and soaking in all aspects, whether at the strategic level, or at the business level; at the financial level or at the management level; at the start-up stage, or at the growth, maturity and transformation stages; at the governance level, or at the management and business levels; at the sales department, or at the production department; all have internal control. Therefore, internal control in SMEs is no longer a multiple choice question of whether to design and implement, but a must-answer question of how to reasonably design and effectively implement.<br />High quality internal control is not something that can be achieved overnight, nor is it something that is set in stone. In other words, the design and implementation of internal control is a dynamic process of change. The demand and supply factors for internal controls in economic activities and business management are not static, but are constantly changing, and these changes, in turn, often require changes in internal controls. Moreover, internal controls should not be passively accepted, but actively created according to the needs. The question discussed in this study is: What are the practical difficulties in establishing an effective internal control system in SMEs? Based on Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory and Demand and Supply Theory, and using the interview method, this study interviewed managers of 32 SMEs in China from their business objectives to the five elements of internal control, using the SPADER (Situation, Problem, Alternative, Decision, Executive, Review.) and PDCA (Plan, Do, Check and Act) cycles in operations management and quality management as research ideas. And found that currently all Chinese SME owners have recognized the necessity and importance of internal control to varying degrees, but firstly, they do not know how to do it, secondly, there is not sufficient urgency, and thirdly, it is difficult to realize systematically, in addition, due to financial and capacity constraints, they are not in a condition to give the corresponding resource allocation and investment.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal A study on the Necessity and Feasibility of Sports Clubs at Hubei Enshi College College 2023-04-11T03:45:28+00:00 yiyi ding <p>In recent years, the Chinese government has issued a series of documents, including the National Guideline for Teaching Physical Education Courses in Ordinary Higher Education Schools, the Basic Standards for Physical Education Work in Higher Education Schools, and the Opinions of the General Office of the State Council on Strengthening School Physical Education for the Overall Development of Students' Physical and Mental Health. In response to these documents, colleges and universities in China have been actively promoting sports reform initiatives. This study uses literature review, Delphi method, and mathematical statistics to investigate the current situation of sports development on the campus of Hubei Enshi College, and to analyze the necessity and feasibility of sports clubbased teaching. Specifically, the study focuses on the development of sports clubs at Hubei Enshi College, and examines the challenges and opportunities for reform. The study finds that the development of sports clubs at Hubei Enshi College lacks an efficient and complete organizational and management framework, and that the current teaching situation faces the dilemma of "one size fits all". In addition, the study identifies the lack of integration of teaching resources between the first and second classes, and the lack of branding effect of campus sports culture. The study concludes by providing feasible suggestions for the optimal development of sports clubs at Hubei Enshi College, in line with the university's educational philosophy of "establishing moral education, teaching students according to their<br />abilities, and applying learning to practice".</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal A Study on the Sports Injuries in Wushu Teaching at Beichen Children's Art School in Hohhot 2023-04-07T03:37:22+00:00 Jianwei Xiao <p>Wushu, also known as Chinese martial arts, is a traditional sport and cultural treasure of China that has a history of thousands of years. In China, Wushu is widely practiced and has been integrated into the national physical education curriculum, with Wushu being taught in schools and training centers across the country. This study adopts research methods such as survey, literature review, and statistics to investigate and analyze the injuries that occur in Wushu teaching at Beichen Children's Art School in Hohhot,China, with the aim of exploring the causes and preventive measures of these injuries and reducing their occurrence in Wushu teaching. The integrated approach of combining internal and external training, as well as the unity of form and spirit, is a major feature of Wushu practice. "Internal" refers to the mental and breath-related activities of the heart, mind, intention, and qi. "External" refers to the external physical activities of the hands, eyes, body, and steps. Many martial arts styles and schools emphasize the integrated approach of internal and external training and the unity of form and spirit. Wushu practice not only has a high exercise value but also has rich content and diverse forms. Different boxing and equipment have different action results, technical requirements, styles, and exercise volumes. It can be carried out without limitation by age, gender, time, season, venue, or equipment. People can choose appropriate projects for exercise according to their needs and conditions, which provides convenient conditions for carrying out mass sports activities. Therefore, Wushu practice has a wide range of adaptability.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal The Effect of Online Exhibition Service Quality on Customer Satisfaction, Preference and Revisit 2023-04-25T14:58:44+00:00 Luqiu Liu Zhenjun Jiao <p>As the novel coronavirus infection disease situation becomes common in the future, exhibition organizers are making their own breakthroughs and are focusing on digital transformation of exhibitions. Along with this global trend, online exhibition model, especially The China Import and Export Fair(Canton Fair)has become popular since the 127th exhibition. The online exhibition was held online from June 15 to 24, 2020.The purpose of this study is to study the relationship between customer satisfaction, preference, and re-visit based on the case of online exhibition at Guangzhou Fair. According to the research results, how to improve the quality of online exhibition service to meet the needs of customers in the future. In this study, SPSS 23.0 is used to verify the validity of the data, AMOS 24.0 is used to model the structural equations of the variables&nbsp;and to verify the relationship between the variables.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Study on the Capacity Assessment and Optimization Path of Social Organizations in Assisting Rural Revitalization 2023-03-21T09:47:14+00:00 李 玉璞 Yu Wang <p>Participation in rural revitalization is a crucial responsibility for social organizations. It not only demonstrates their commitment to serving the country, society, the public, and the industry but is also a vital avenue for achieving high-quality development. To assess the ability of social organizations to contribute to rural revitalization, we constructed an evaluation index system. We employed the TOPSIS evaluation and barrier degree model to evaluate the ability of Chinese social organizations, private non-enterprises, and foundations to participate in rural revitalization in our research area. Our results indicate that the overall ability of social organizations to participate in rural revitalization is at a medium-low level, and three major obstacles exist in the areas of organizational construction, basic guarantee, and project participation. Therefore, we should focus on improving the organizational construction capacity by strengthening the "internal strength of the organization" and cultivate the basic guarantee capacity by paying attention to "own finance." We should also enhance the participation capacity of rural revitalization projects by setting "participation targets" and relying on the "internal strength of the organization." We propose optimization paths from various perspectives, including practicing "internal strength of the organization" and actively improving the capacity of organization construction, paying attention to "own finance" and continuously cultivating the capacity of basic guarantee, focusing on "participation targets" and effectively strengthening the capacity of participation in rural revitalization projects, relying on "digital empowerment" and enhancing the professional service capacity of social organizations, integrating "rural demands" and improving the policy coordination capacity of social organizations.</p> 2023-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal