Pacific International Journal <p>Pacific International Journal "PIJ" (E-ISSN 2616-4825 &amp; P-ISSN 2663-8991) is an international, nonprofit, open access, online, and double-blind peer-reviewed journal that has been published since 2018 in Pakistan. This journal's main objective is to serve as an intellectual and scientific platform to develop and promote the multidisciplinary studies and research of the international scholars in the field described in more detail below. Pacific International Journal published the original research articles that identify, explain, and analyze real-world issues. It accepts full-length multidisciplinary research articles on a full range of topics. Pacific International journal is inviting submissions from authors according to the aims and scope of the journal. The PIJ is published in an open-access format – articles are published on the journal's website immediately after acceptance, giving the scientific community and the public unlimited and free access to the content.</p> <p><em><strong>By 2021 PIJ editorial team decided to publish only two issues in a year to improve research quality.</strong></em></p> <p>We also encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research relating to Business, Management, economics, education, arts, in as much detail as possible in order to promote scientific predictions and impact assessments of global change and development. Full experimental and methodical details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced.</p> <p>Anyone may submit an original article to be considered for publication in Pacific International Journal provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article.</p> <h3>Benefits of publishing with PIJ</h3> <ul> <li><strong>Open access: </strong>Completely free for readers and authors. There are no fees charged for submission, subscription and article processing.</li> <li><strong>Rapid publication: </strong>PIJ is committed to getting the manuscripts peer-reviewed, and a first decision is provided to authors approximately 4-6 weeks after submission.</li> <li><strong>Recognition of reviewers: </strong>Reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports shall receive credits.</li> <li><strong>High visibility and Indexing: </strong>Indexed by: <ul> <li>Index Copernicus</li> <li>Google Scholar</li> <li>Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)</li> <li>International Scientific Indexing</li> <li>Cite Factor Academic Scientific Journals</li> <li>Scientific Indexing Service</li> <li>Academic resource Index Research Bib</li> <li>Scientific Journal Impact Factor</li> <li>China National Knowledge Infrastructure, 中国知网</li> <li>Under Review for multiple indexes and databases including EBSCO, ESCI, OAJI, and Scopus</li> </ul> </li> </ul> Rclss Publishing en-US Pacific International Journal 2663-8991 Empirical Research on Data Science Talent Training and Enterprise Demand in Colleges and Universities <div><span lang="EN-US">The advent of the information age has given rise to a huge amount of data, and it becomes crucial to use the data well and bring its value into play. How colleges and universities train data science talents to meet the huge demand of the industry is of great significance. In this paper, the demand information of data science talents from recruitment websites was crawled by a typical web scraper and then carried out pre-processing, statistical analysis, and visual display. Through fully excavating the job information and summarizing the law of enterprise demand, constructive suggestions were put forward for data science talent training in colleges and universities, providing a reference basis for talent training units to develop training programs.</span></div> Jinhua Dai Kun Su Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 188 199 10.55014/pij.v5i4.279 Exploration on Curriculum Reform of British and American Literature for English Majors in China’s Provincial Medical University <p><strong>Abstract: </strong>As one of the compulsory courses for English majors, British and American Literature plays an indispensable&nbsp;role in cultivating students’&nbsp;foreign literature knowledge and literary appreciation competence, as well as improving students’&nbsp;comprehensive qualities such as humanistic quality and moral sentiment.&nbsp;This paper analyzes the status of British&nbsp;and American Literature Course&nbsp;by demonstrating the existing problems and their causes. Taking the curriculum reform of British and American Literature&nbsp;in a provincial medical university&nbsp;as an example, this paper discusses ways to&nbsp;revise and adjust the Talent Training Program according to the National Standard&nbsp;(for Foreign Language and Literature&nbsp;Majors), puts forwards exploratory strategies on reforming the traditional training mode and creating new mode suitable for the growth needs of students’, aiming to perfect&nbsp;the curriculum system suitable for the university, achieve the goal of talents training and meet the new national requirements of undergraduate education.</p> Zhiqin Li Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 181 187 10.55014/pij.v5i4.278 The Historical Origin of Entrails of Sheep and Its Current Situation of Inheritance <p>Entrails of Sheep (Yangzasui in Chinese) has a history of at least nearly 900 years in China, but there is not much literature in current scholarship, which makes its spread in history unclear. A review of existing ancient and modern literature reveals that many restaurants selling Entrails of Sheep were located in Lin’an (present-day Hangzhou), the capital of the Southern Song Dynasty (A Chinese dynasty from 1127-1279 A.D.). During the Qing Dynasty (A Chinese dynasty from 1644-1911A.D.), Entrails of Sheep not only became a delicacy for the emperor’s banquets for his ministers and state guests, but also spread widely in the daily dietary life of the citizens. By the Republic of China (1912-1949), people in the north and south of China still retained the habit of eating Entrails of Sheep, and the governments of Shanghai and Beijing included it in the list of secondary food for daily consumption. Nowadays, Entrails of Sheep mainly spreads in northwest and north China. It has diversified characteristics in terms of consumption methods, selection of seasoning and soup ingredients and side courses, however, there are no distinct differences in the selection of main ingredients, seasonings and cooking methods. It is hoped that this study can elaborate on its ancient and modern spread, and thus draw the attention of society to it, so that it can be better protected and promoted.</p> Yutong Wang Meng Wang Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 175 180 10.55014/pij.v5i4.258 A Study on the English Writing Teaching of TEM-4 Based on Pigai Platform <p>As far as language acquisition is concerned, writing is a vital part of comprehensive language skills. In the traditional pedagogy of English writing, feedback from the teachers has always played a crucial role in the process. It is an effective way to improve students’ writing skill by receiving feedback and revising their writing based on it. However, as things stand now, it is hard for teachers to give timely and specific feedback to all of the students. With the advancement of technology, to apply automated writing evaluation system presents a new model in the teaching of English writing, capable of scoring quickly from more detailed aspects than teachers, thereby garnering tremendous attention in the academic circle. Nowadays, Pigai platform is one of the most widely used automatic evaluation systems in China. Hence, this study aims to investigate the effectiveness of Pigai platform with respect to the teaching of English writing for Test for English Majors Level 4 by taking two classes as the research subject. A contrastive study was conduced by employing questionnaire, interview and analysis of pre-test and post-test data. The results shows that the feedback from Pigai platform, compared with traditional feedback from teachers proves instrumental in effectively improving students’ writing proficiency, motivation and self-efficacy, so it is feasible to incorporate it into the teaching of English writing for TEM-4. In a word, the author hopes to contribute to the teaching and learning of English writing as well as the advancement of automated writing evaluation system.</p> Lijie Liu Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 169 174 10.55014/pij.v5i4.277 Research and Innovation of Business Model of Shengu Town in Dinghu Mountain Under the Development of Forest-based Wellness Industry <p>China's Forest-based Wellness Care Industry started late, but in recent years, with people's increasingly strong pursuit of high-quality healthy life, driven by a series of policies, it has received more and more attention and involvement from social capital. How to innovate the business model of emerging industries deserves academic attention. This study takes Shengu Town in Dinghu Mountain as an example. Its business model under the background of industrial development has five characteristics: taking the middle and high consumption customer groups of all ages as the target customers, taking multi-industry integration as the value proposition, taking multi-path implementation as the value creation and delivery, taking tourism real estate as the value capture, and taking rural revitalization as the social responsibility. Based on these characteristics, according to the customer segmentation theory and the business model innovation model, this study puts forward innovative suggestions for timesharing model and alliance model.</p> <p> </p> Yanjun Huang Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 163 168 10.55014/pij.v5i4.276 EFFECTIVENESS OF THE APPLICATION OF TELEREHABILITATION AND HOME NURSING REHABILITATION AMONG CHILDREN WITH CEREBRAL PALSY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS <p><strong>Abstract</strong><strong>:</strong>Objective:To evaluate the effects of Tele-rehabilitation&nbsp;nursing&nbsp;on patients with Cerebral Palsy.&nbsp;Methods:Database such as Cochrane Library,PubMed,Web of Science,CNKI, and Wanfang were searched to retrieve effects&nbsp;on Tele-rehabilitation for Cerebral Palsy.Then carried out comparative study between Tele-rehabilitation nursing and home nursing children with cerebal palsy on three areas, Activities&nbsp;of&nbsp;Daily&nbsp;Living,Fine Motor Movement&nbsp;and Gross Motor Movement. 30 subjects were divided in to controlled&nbsp;group and observed&nbsp;group-the subjects&nbsp;in controlled group received &nbsp;the Tele-rehablitation nursing, and the observed&nbsp;group received routine home nursing&nbsp;.Results:&nbsp;after analyzing the data, &nbsp;the results of the comparative research,supported the effectiveness of telerehabilitation on improving the function of Activities&nbsp;of&nbsp;Daily&nbsp;Living,Fine Motor Movement&nbsp;and Gross Moto Movement (P&lt;0.05)&nbsp;.It failed to support the effectiveness of improvement of Lying Position and Turning-Over, reflex, body structure and function, and activity, etc(P&gt;0.05).</p> Jing Zhao Ying Liu Mingxia Jiang Guang Sun Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 155 162 10.55014/pij.v5i4.271 The Study of Feedback in Writing from College English Teachers and Artificial Intelligence Platform Based on Mixed Method Teaching. <p><strong>Abstract</strong><strong>:</strong>With the development of modern teaching technology, intelligent writing correction platform has emerged and become an effective way to supplement traditional feedback from teachers under the new situation. The main theoretical basis of this study is dynamic evaluation theory. The experimental group and the controlled group &nbsp;were assigned three writing tasks. The statistical analysis software SPSS was used to analyze the data results. In the study, literature review, experiment, questionnaire and interview methods were used. The literature summarizes the development status of teacher feedback and intelligent platform correction at home and abroad. The experimental method is to compare the similarities and differences between teacher feedback and intelligent platform correction in specific experiments. Through questionnaires and interviews, we can understand the attitudes of teachers and students towards the intelligent correction platform.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The research results show that the two feedback methods are consistent and have obvious differences. Teacher feedback has more significant advantages in the two dimensions of text structure and content, while the intelligent writing correction platform is too general and procedural in the feedback of these two dimensions. In comparison, the feedback of the intelligent writing correction platform on vocabulary and grammar is more detailed, giving students detailed information. The combination of the two ways of feedback and the application of them to the teaching of English writing in senior high schools will have a more ideal effect, which will have a positive effect on the improvement of senior high school students' English writing level.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: &nbsp;Dynamic evaluation theory; Teacher feedback; Feedback from AI writing platform; contrastive study</p> Houtao Liu Wenjia Ma Tingting Wu Chuanhua Xin Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 147 154 10.55014/pij.v5i4.270 The Practice of Formative Assessment in College English Teaching <p>With the increasing demand for a higher level of college English teaching, a proper way of evaluation, which is a vital part for the whole process of teaching, is in great need. As an effective method of teaching evaluation, formative assessment has attract great concern among professors and scholars and is&nbsp;now extensively being applied to college English teaching, contributing&nbsp;to the effective implementation of college English teaching evaluation. Based on the present situation of college English teaching, this paper analyzes the challenges and problems that college English teaching is facing and tries to&nbsp;put forward some&nbsp;practical paths&nbsp;to integrate&nbsp;formative assessment into&nbsp;present college English teaching.</p> yu liu Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 143 146 10.55014/pij.v5i4.269 The Logical Path of PE Teachers' Ideological and Political Thinking Construction under the Background of IAPC <p>&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; The study of the logical path of the construction of physical education teachers' ideological and political thinking in the context of Ideological and Political Thinking Curriculum (IAPC) is to solve the problem of the lack of talents in the process of building physical education IAPC, which is conducive to the effective advancement of physical education IAPC. This study uses literature, logical reasoning, and analytical comparison methods to investigate the historical logic, realistic logic, and unrealistic logic of the construction of physical education teachers' ideological and political thinking in the context of IAPC. The study concluded that: 1.the historical logic of the construction of physical education teachers' ideological and political thinking is divided into three stages: saving the country through sports, raising the country through sports, and building the country through sports; 2.the realistic logic includes the incomplete physical education teachers' ideological and political thinking system; incomplete progress and integration, structural fault and integration , rigid method and stage integration, dimensional separation and muti-dimension integration. 3. Future logic includes open thinking, shared thinking, scientific thinking, and innovative thinking.</p> hui zhang Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 137 142 10.55014/pij.v5i4.268 College English Teaching Practice from the Perspective of Multi-Culture <p>Based on the analysis of this situation, college English teaching needs to take cultural &nbsp;strengthening as the basic core, realize effective educational reform, &nbsp;emphasize cultural awareness for students and teachers, and innovate diversified classroom introduction forms, improving College students’ cultural attainments will lay an important foundation for the realization of English teaching goals in China.</p> Binbin Liang Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 132 136 10.55014/pij.v5i4.265 Current Situation and Reflections of Environmental Accounting Information Disclosure in China's Iron and Steel Industry under the Background of "Double Carbon" <p>China plans to reach peak carbon use by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. This "double carbon" target makes the iron and steel industry, a high-consumption, heavy-polluting, energy-intensive industry, face great challenges. In order to achieve green transformation and promote sustainable development, the iron and steel industry, as a national pillar industry, should raise awareness of environmental protection, increase environmental accounting information disclosure, and improve the level of environmental accounting information disclosure. This paper discusses the current situation of environmental accounting information disclosure in the iron and steel industry, summarizes the current problems of environmental accounting information disclosure in the iron and steel industry, and proposes countermeasures to solve them. It is found that the iron and steel industry currently has problems such as low initiative of environmental information disclosure, less disclosure of negative information, scattered disclosure information, non-uniform disclosure carriers, etc. It is recommended to accelerate the construction of the environmental accounting disclosure system and regulations, improve and standardize the environmental accounting information disclosure system, strengthen the construction of third-party audit, improve the awareness of environmental information disclosure of enterprises, and standardize the environmental accounting information disclosure from both national and enterprise levels Content.</p> Lingfeng Deng Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 119 131 10.55014/pij.v5i4.262 A Study On Teachers' Resolution Of Children's Conflict Events In Regional Activities <p>This study begins with the phenomenon of conflict in young children's regional activities. Through an investigation of teachers' resolution of conflict events among young children in zone activities, the current situation of teachers' response to conflict in young children's zone activities was analyzed in two dimensions: teachers' response style and timing of intervention. After data analysis and research, this study concluded that there were three problems: teachers' teaching philosophy was flawed, teachers' handling of conflict events was arbitrary, and teachers' timing of intervention in conflict was inappropriate. Combined with related teaching theories, this study suggests that teachers should improve their educational concepts and optimize the way they handle conflict events; give full play to young children's subjectivity, avoid controlling children, and grasp the timing of intervention to guide young children properly.</p> Li huixia Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 112 118 10.55014/pij.v5i4.255 The The influence of Chinese and Western cultural traditions on ancient architecture <p>Architecture is a frozen music, a visual art, and a visual object whose existence is witnessed by history. Some classic ancient architectures including the pyramids of ancient Egypt, the Parthenon of ancient Greece, the Pantheon of ancient Rome, the Forbidden City, the Great Wall, the Hanging Temple of China and other world-famous traditional Chinese and Western architectures reflect ancient philosophical thoughts of the times. Architecture has formed a unique culture with the passage of time, and in turn culture plays an influential role to the formation of architecture. Geographical differences cause diversity to architectural cultures all round the world. In terms of Chines and western ancient architecture, the two differ each other on appearance, connotation, space and structure, which indicate not only the culture characteristics but also the aesthetic changes behind the architectures between China and the West.The West's passion for stone architecture and the East's passion for wood architecture are determined by national culture and geographical environment. It is difficult to judge which one is superior, sine such designs are developed to adapt to the environment and living habits. Ancient people built their characteristic architecture to meet the needs of the local people and living conditions.</p> Mengyao Tian Xu Xiao Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 105 111 10.55014/pij.v5i4.231 A Corpus-based Discourse Analysis of Elected News Reports in CNN <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>This paper aims at investigating the discourse characteristics of the CNN news report about the COVID-19. As we all known, news reports are influenced by specific political, economic, social, cultural and other factors. These news reports often imply specific attitudes of the media, and have leading effect on the public. Based on the self-built small corpus, this paper analyzes the English reports of the COVID-19 in CNN media from the perspective of CDA, starting from the three functions of word list, key word clusters and collocation of the corpus. The study found that CNN news reports showed different discourse characteristics. The news reports in CNN pay more attention to the catastrophic nature of the pandemic and the pressure it has brought to the people.</p> yanfang li guojing chen Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 94 104 10.55014/pij.v5i4.229 An Analysis of the Path of Developing Ideological and Political Education in the Course of Comprehensive English in Private College <p>On May 28th, 2020, the Ministry of Education deliberated and passed the Guidelines for Ideological and Political Construction of Courses in Colleges and Universities, which requires that ideological and political education be integrated into the talent training system, comprehensively promote ideological and political construction of courses in colleges and universities, give full play to the role of each course in educating people, and improve the quality of talent training in colleges and universities. For college English majors, the ideological and political curriculum is a new teaching reform. While cultivating students' language skills, teachers&nbsp;should subtly combine the contents of the texts learned to carry out ideological and political education, help students deeply understand China's excellent traditional culture and the great achievements of socialist modernization, generate a sense of national pride and identity, and enhance the "four self-confidence". Especially for students in ethnic minority areas, it is necessary to improve students' awareness of building a Chinese national community in teaching, knowing that all ethnic groups should hold together like pomegranate seeds. Only when ethnic groups unite with one family can we build the Chinese Dream together.</p> Shaofang Cui Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 89 93 10.55014/pij.v5i4.221 A Flipped Classroom Approach to Improve Nursing Students’ Learning Performance, Critical Thinking Skills, and Learning Satisfaction in a Stroke Care Training Course <p>The present study explored the effectiveness of presenting a stroke accident training program in three one-hour classes using a flipped classroom approach to traditional classroom teaching to third-year nursing students during their neurological clinical rotation. A quasi-experimental pretest and post-test study is designed to test the flipped classroom's effectiveness in improving learning outcomes. In so doing, eighty diploma nursing and midwifery students in the third-year clinical nursing program were selected from a medical college as the study participants. They were randomly assigned as the control and experimental groups, with 40 and 40 students. During the one-month training program, the control group (the non-flipped classroom) was taught using the traditional teaching method.</p> <p>In contrast, the experimental group (the flipped classroom) was taught in a flipped learning mode. The flipped sessions comprised pre-recorded lectures, online quizzes, and in-class group activities in the course design. Data were collected through a student questionnaire and a knowledge and skill test. Overall, the flipped classroom students did significantly better in learning performance (knowledge and skills), critical thinking and reported higher learning satisfaction (p&lt;0.05). It was concluded that flipped classrooms can positively impact multiple factors within the clinical setting. Being better prepared will help newly graduated nurses care for not just stroke patients but for all patients requiring complex care.</p> xiaoli hu Qian Zhao Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 82 88 10.55014/pij.v5i4.222 An Empirical Analysis of Inclusive Finance Support to the Development of Rural Revitalization in Linyi <p>This research adopts the coefficient of variation method to construct Linyi inclusive financial development index and rural revitalization index. According to the standard of international inclusive financial development level, when the inclusive financial development index is between 0 and 1, it indicates that inclusive financial development in the region is from a low level to a high level. The research finds that the degree of inclusive financial development in Linyi is different. Apart from Lanshan District, the level of inclusive financial development in other districts and counties is low, with the unstable inclusive financial development index between 0.01 and 0.15 in most years. After measuring the rural revitalization index, it is found that the Linyi's rural development is better and the regional development is more balanced. Through empirical analysis, the research comes to a conclusion that inclusive finance can effectively promote the rural revitalization in Linyi. Based on the above analysis, the paper puts forward the following suggestions: Linyi should optimize the layout of financial resources, improve the rural financial ecological environment, perfect the credit system of farmers, improve the quality of financial services, and increase the investment in agriculture, forestry and water to guide the upgrading of agricultural industry structure.</p> JUAN ZHAO Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 71 81 10.55014/pij.v5i4.252 A New Interpretation of the‘To Be or Not to Be’Soliloquy in Hamlet by William Shakespeare <p style="font-weight: 400;">In <em>Hamlet</em> written by William Shakespeare, there are seven soliloquies uttered by the Hamlet. Most of the soliloquy exists as a paradox: Hamlet is questioning life and death, being and not being. In this paper, the emphasis will be on the most famous ‘To Be or Not to Be’ soliloquy interpreted by Hamlet. This paper gives a new interpretation of the ‘To Be or Not to Be’ soliloquy analyzed from a discourse perspective and a psycholinguistic perspective to demonstrate how it helps to forward the plot to achieve the dramatic effectiveness and to make different characters more distinctive. With this object, the position and the significance of the soliloquy ‘To Be or Not To Be’ in<em> Hamlet</em> is going to be concluded.</p> Xuefei Zhao Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 64 70 10.55014/pij.v5i4.246 Investigation and analysis of medical students' sense of alienation <p>In order to investigate the current situation of alienation among medical students, this study adopted the convenience sampling method to select students from a medical university in Guangxi, China as the research objects and measured the alienation level of medical students through the General Information Questionnaire and the Adolescent Alienation Scale. Results: ①The overall level of medical students' alienation was low, nevertheless social alienation and environmental alienation were slightly higher than interpersonal alienation. ②In the context of the coronavirus pandemic, medical students have a high sense of alienation and meaninglessness in their living environment. However, meaninglessness is the highest in the dimension of social alienation, loneliness is the highest in interpersonal alienation, and living environment alienation is the highest in environmental alienation. The alienation level of boys is slightly higher than that of girls. ③Grade, family economic level, and whether there is only one child are important factors affecting medical students' sense of alienation. Among them, the sense of alienation of freshmen is significantly lower than that of sophomores, juniors, and seniors in all dimensions. The level of alienation in the third year each dimension is higher. Poverty-stricken students and children from One Child Families have a high level of alienation, so mental health education in the medical university should be attached great importance.</p> Xiaoyun Tao Shang Li Juan Ma Mingming Zhou Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 56 63 10.55014/pij.v5i4.244 Research on the Precision Marketing and Optimization of Pinduoduo in the Context of Big Data <p>Precision marketing is widely used in mobile applications&nbsp;at present, and big data provides&nbsp;a technical foundation for precision marketing. Precision marketing refers to the use of big data technology to push marketing content to target users through various new media to maximize marketing effects.&nbsp;The implementation of precision marketing through big data has the characteristics of accuracy, large amount of data and target customer-oriented.&nbsp;As an emerging Chinese e-commerce enterprise, Pinduoduo positioned itself as the pioneer of new e-commerce. It is the third-party social e-commerce application&nbsp;focusing on&nbsp;Customer-to-Manufacturer group shopping, that is, with the original social group&nbsp;shopping&nbsp;as the core mode.&nbsp;On the basis of previous research, this paper analyzes the advantages of precision marketing for Pinduoduo under the background of big data, including reducing marketing costs, improving marketing efficiency, reducing the cost of meeting target customers and flexibly adjusting marketing strategies. Pinduoduo still faces some problems despite its rapid development, including the fatigue of target customers due to a large amount of information push, lack of professionals proficient in big data analysis, the possibility of data security risks and the imperfect legal and regulatory system related to big data and precision marketing. Finally, this paper puts forward some suggestions to optimize the&nbsp;precision marketing of Pinduoduo under the background of big data from four aspects: respecting the choice of target customers, introducing professionals related to big data analysis and mining, training on data security knowledge, and further improving laws and regulations related to big data and precision marketing.</p> Tang Jiangting Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 51 55 10.55014/pij.v5i4.240 Thematic curriculum design of integrating labor education into kindergarten classes <p>In China, labor education is an important part of the all-round development of the education system and an important part of educational practice activities. The main purpose is to enable students to establish a correct concept of labor, correct their working attitude, love labor and the working people, and develop good working habits. Early childhood education is an important stage in the process of basic education in China. Labor education should be included in its viewing vision and become an important content. It is of great significance to integrate labor education into the theme teaching of large-class children. It can enable children to cultivate good labor literacy, exercise effective practical skills, promote their formation of a sound personality, and promote the development of early childhood education. Through literature research, investigation and interviews, we found that there are some shortcomings in the theme teaching of large classes of children, including that preschool teachers do not pay enough attention to it and do not have a comprehensive understanding; the theme teaching has a single form and the effect is not good;the content tends to be similar, and the evaluation is lagging. In order to effectively solve these problems, preschool teachers should fully focus on the goal of labor education, follow the law of early childhood growth and development, and carry out targeted thematic teaching in combination with children's daily life. These are also effective strategies for integrating labor education into the theme teaching of large-scale children.</p> Xiao Hu Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 45 50 10.55014/pij.v5i4.238 TO TEST TEH LABOUR CLAUSE OF CPTPP AND CHINA'S COUNTERMEASURES <p>Developed countries continue to implement international labour standards in FTAs, resulting in a rapid increase in the number of agreements covering labour provisions in the past 20 years. The United States was the first to make specific provisions on labour issues in NAALC, the supplementary agreement to NAFTA, forming the first generation of high-standard FTA models. CPTPP makes specific provisions on the contents of labour clauses in a single chapter, which can be regarded as a model of the second-generation high-standard FTA. By comparing the labour provisions of CPTPP and NAALC, this paper finds out that the labour provisions of CPTPP are more stringent than those of NAALC, and tries to explore countermeasures for China's joining the CPTPP.</p> ZHUJUN ZHAO Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 38 44 10.55014/pij.v5i4.236 THE Challenges toward the Implications of Official Urdu <p>Urdu is associated with the Muslims of the subcontinent region before the partition of Pakistan and India. It is the national language and one of the official languages of Pakistan. English and Urdu are spoken, written, and understood throughout the country, although the Urdu languages are spoken throughout many regions of Pakistan, including the local and regional languages. For the same reason, Urdu was declared Pakistan's national language after the country gained independence.Afterwards, certain bodies were established for its proper implementation as the official language of the country. Implementation of this constitutional obligation, though, requires a thorough exercise and hard work for the development of languages in Pakistan, such as the competing status of Urdu and English Therefore, academia, constitutionalists, and the general public are suggested to come forward to help the government official fulfil this obligation.</p> MUHAMMAD RAHIM JAFAR MUHAMMAD RAHIM JAFAR Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 33 37 10.55014/pij.v5i4.234 The Development of Salt Resources in Pakistan under the Perspective of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor <p>The salt play an important role in daily life and industry. There are large reserves of high - quality salt deposits in Pakistan. But Pakistani salt resources have a smaller share in international salt trade. The paper analyses the current situation in terms of the development of salt resources in Pakistan through SWOT analysis under the perspective of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. On this basis, the paper puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions for developing salt resources in Pakistan, such as increasing salt export, developing the health and wellness tourism with salt as the theme, establishing salt chemical industry chain based on strengthening Sino-Pakistan production capacity cooperation. These measures will help to further alleviate Pakistan's balance of payments.</p> Yong Yang Shangli Wang Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 26 32 10.55014/pij.v5i4.233 Influencing factors of willingness to purchase long-term care insurance for employees in Shenzhen, China <p><strong>Purpose:</strong> In the early stage of Shenzhen's long-term care insurance pilot, the awareness, demand, and purchase intention of Shenzhen residents about long-term care insurance and their influencing factors were investigated to provide a basis for improving the government's long-term care insurance system. <strong>Methods:</strong> A structured questionnaire survey was carried out on the Shenzhen employee medical insurance participants. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and Order logistic regression were performed. <strong>Results:</strong> 298 respondents (female 57.7%), filled out the questionnaires. About 73% of the respondents have never heard of long-term care insurance. Respondents’ average demand of long-term care was 3.06, which was the general level. The 161(54%) respondents' willing to purchase long-term care insurance and the main influencing factors of purchase willingness are self-assessment of long-term care possibility, monthly income, annual family income and their willingness to pay for long-term care services.&nbsp; <strong>Conclusions: </strong>Respondents lack risk awareness and have low awareness of long-term care insurance; their effective demand for long-term care insurance is insufficient, but the demand for long-term care services is specialized and diversified, and their intention to purchase long-term care services is slightly higher than purchase intention of long-term care insurance. <strong>Recommendations:</strong> Departments at all levels should work together to strengthen the publicity of long-term care insurance to raise awareness among the population, improve the quality of practitioners, and improve the elderly care service system to meet the needs of the specialized and diverse population, and broaden financing channels to deal with the risk that the population is not willing to buy.</p> RAN AN YI SHI JIAN GUO XIAOSHENG YANG Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 15 25 10.55014/pij.v5i4.226 Interlanguage and Its Implications to Second Language Teaching and Learning <p>Interlanguage refers to the knowledge system which is formed in a certain period in learners’ second language learning process. The study on interlanguage is of great significance in the field of second language acquisition. This paper elaborates on the definition and characteristics of interlanguage, and analyzes five main factors contributing to the formation of interlanguage.The first factor is language transfer, especially negative language transfer; the second is transfer of language training, which means teacher overemphasized one form or pattern and used inappropriate or even faulty teaching materials, at the same time, teacher’s incompetence in identifying non-English forms may also lead to interlanguage; the third factor is strategies of second language learning, which is often thought to be culture bound; the fourth factor is strategies of second language communication; the last factor is overgeneralization of target language. Through close study of the factors leading to interlanguage, this paper draws some implications to second language teaching and learning: the first is reducing negative transfer. Teachers can emphasize the importance of reinforcing the learners’ responses by rewarding target-like responses and correcting non-target-like ones, and learners should be encouraged to read as much as possible the English writings by native English writers. Second is increasing cultural information teaching. Teachers can choose some culturally-authentic materials from the native speech community and adopt various cultural teaching techniques. At the same time, to optimize language input environment. Teachers are supposed to equip with high levels of L2 competence and provide students with the right thing in the right way. Another way to reduce language transfer is to increase the opportunity for output. Moreover, we can see that making errors is a part of language and error-correction can help interlanguage develop towards the TL, hence, adopting proper correction strategies are of great importance. Last but not least, applying proper learning strategies is also a better way to avoid the occurrence of interlanguage.</p> Qiaolan Guo Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 08 14 10.55014/pij.v5i4.223 A Study of Ideological-Political Instruction in Systemic Functional Linguistics Class <p>Ideological-political instruction in curricula is a hot topic in the current education of various levels in China, and it is also a crucial element in the courses and classes of the discipline of foreign languages and literature. Systemic functional linguistics as a mainstream general linguistics theory has become an obligatory or optional course in the graduate and undergraduate program for majors of foreign languages and literature. This paper aims to investigate the ideological-political factors in systemic functional linguistics, mainly focusing on the meta-functions. It is hoped that this study can provide a little implication and inspiration in the study of the ideological-political instruction in systemic functional linguistics in particular as well as in linguistics in general.</p> Jun Manliang Li Ying Tian Yong Wang Copyright (c) 2022 Pacific International Journal 2022-12-31 2022-12-31 5 4 01 07 10.55014/pij.v5i4.280