Pacific International Journal <p>Pacific International Journal "PIJ" (E-ISSN 2616-4825 &amp; P-ISSN 2663-8991) is an international, nonprofit, open access, online, and double-blind peer-reviewed journal that has been published since 2018 in Pakistan. This journal's main objective is to serve as an intellectual and scientific platform to develop and promote the multidisciplinary studies and research of the international scholars in the field described in more detail below. Pacific International Journal published the original research articles that identify, explain, and analyze real-world issues. It accepts full-length multidisciplinary research articles on a full range of topics. Pacific International journal is inviting submissions from authors according to the aims and scope of the journal. The PIJ is published in an open-access format – articles are published on the journal's website immediately after acceptance, giving the scientific community and the public unlimited and free access to the content.</p> <p><em><strong>By 2021 PIJ editorial team decided to publish only two issues in a year to improve research quality.</strong></em></p> <p>We also encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical research relating to Business, Management, economics, education, arts, in as much detail as possible in order to promote scientific predictions and impact assessments of global change and development. Full experimental and methodical details must be provided so that the results can be reproduced.</p> <p>Anyone may submit an original article to be considered for publication in Pacific International Journal provided he or she owns the copyright to the work being submitted or is authorized by the copyright owner or owners to submit the article.</p> <h3>Benefits of publishing with PIJ</h3> <ul> <li><strong>Open access: </strong>Completely free for readers and authors. There are no fees charged for submission, subscription and article processing.</li> <li><strong>Rapid publication: </strong>PIJ is committed to getting the manuscripts peer-reviewed, and a first decision is provided to authors approximately 4-6 weeks after submission.</li> <li><strong>Recognition of reviewers: </strong>Reviewers who provide timely, thorough peer-review reports shall receive credits.</li> <li><strong>High visibility and Indexing: </strong>Indexed by: <ul> <li>Index Copernicus</li> <li>Google Scholar</li> <li>Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)</li> <li>International Scientific Indexing</li> <li>Cite Factor Academic Scientific Journals</li> <li>Scientific Indexing Service</li> <li>Academic resource Index Research Bib</li> <li>Scientific Journal Impact Factor</li> <li>China National Knowledge Infrastructure, 中国知网</li> <li>Under Review for multiple indexes and databases including EBSCO, ESCI, OAJI, and Scopus</li> </ul> </li> </ul> en-US (Rahim Jafar) (Rahim Jafar) Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Research on bilingual course teaching evaluation of the The Event Management Major based on decision-oriented evaluation model <p>The improvement of bilingual teaching can continuously enhance students' international vision and innovative ability, which is an important measure to cultivate innovative talents in the construction of double-top universities. Using the decision-oriented evaluation model, this study explores the relationship between the whole process of bilingual curriculum investment and teaching satisfaction, taking the bilingual curriculum construction of the Event Management major at Zhejiang Yuexiu University as an example. The research findings indicate that bilingual teaching is a gradual process, and the input of teaching resources, especially the supply of teaching resources and students' self-expression, have a great influence on teaching results. To improve the quality of bilingual teaching and students' interest in learning, this study suggests paying attention to students’ language foundation and the visualization of assessment results to stimulate their initiative in bilingual learning.</p> Yani Xie, Fangbin Qian Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Core Content and Practical Approach of China’s Global Security Initiative <p>This research paper provides an overview of China’s Global Security Initiative, its essential components, and its practical implementation. Firstly, the paper highlights the significance of the Global Security Initiative in the broader context of China’s global security policy. It then outlines the core elements of the Global Security Initiative, which include promoting security cooperation, establishing a global security framework, and enhancing comprehensive security measures. Secondly, the author explores the practical approach of the Global Security Initiative, which emphasizes cooperation between states, international organizations, civil society, and the private sector. The author also describes the implementation of the Global Security Initiative, such as the establishment of the Global Security Initiative Working Group and its role in regional security cooperation. Furthermore, the author discusses how the Global Security Initiative fits into the Belt and Road Initiative. Lastly, the paper addresses the challenges posed by the Global Security Initiative, including the need for greater transparency and the establishment of an effective governance system. By offering insights into the Global Security Initiative and its implications for global security, the author provides valuable information on this topic. Overall, this paper provides a comprehensive overview of the Global Security Initiative, its core components, practical approach, implementation, and challenges, making it an informative read for anyone interested in China’s global security policy.</p> Lina Jing; Yugang Ma, Yu Zhong Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Action research on the application of OBE based hybrid teaching mode of Basic Nursing <p>The quality of classroom teaching is a crucial element in the development of high-quality universities. Thus, improving the quality of classroom teaching is of great significance. Basic nursing is a core course in nursing specialty. This study explored the teaching effect of Basic Nursing under the guidance of the OBE concept, using the methodology of action research. A total of 100 subjects from the nursing school of Grade 2018 and 2019, aged 20-23 years in Shandong province, were surveyed with the effect of action research from September 2020 to December 2021. Three rounds of action research were carried out using observation, semi-structured interview, questionnaire, and other methods. Descriptive analysis and t-test were used to analyze the data. The study found that after three rounds of action research, the theoretical examination scores of the observation group were significantly improved (P&lt;0.05). Additionally, results-oriented learning ability, critical thinking ability, and teaching method evaluation were significantly improved (P&lt;0.05). Therefore, the OBE-based mixed teaching mode of Basic Nursing can improve the quality of classroom teaching and enhance the comprehensive ability of undergraduate nursing students. The study concludes that the curriculum design should be strengthened, students' learning initiative should be improved, and the curriculum evaluation system should be optimized to improve teaching quality and promote teaching informatization reform.</p> Hui Lin Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Internet Financial Risk Management Under the development of Deep Learning <p>With the rapid development of Internet finance in both quantity and scale, various challenges have emerged. Deep learning is a promising tool to explore the optimal algorithm to analyze input variables that affect Internet financial risks, and corresponding classification to manage and minimize those risks. This study employs a questionnaire and data analysis to evaluate Internet financial risks, with a focus on psychological risk, social risk, technical risk, moral risk, and material risk. The research provides theoretical and practical value in the field of Internet financial risk management. The results of the study demonstrate that psychological risk, social risk, technical risk, material risk, and moral risk are all significant factors that contribute to Internet financial risks. Additionally, higher education is found to be a protective factor against Internet financial risks, while higher income is associated with greater risk. Furthermore, psychological risks were found to have the most significant impact on Internet financial risks.</p> ZIAI WU; QIAO ZHOU Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on the Application of Blended Teaching Model in Integrated English Courses <p>Since the beginning of the 21st century, blended learning has attracted the attention of scholars. With the influence of the epidemic in the past three years, it is imperative to explore how to apply blended learning to stimulate the impact of the integration of online and offline education in order to achieve the ultimate goal of promoting students’ development. In the foreign language departments of universities in ethnic areas of China, it is significant to conduct teaching practice of the blended teaching model for the course of Integrated English, which occupies a large proportion of the English major curriculum and plays a pivotal role in improving English majors’ language proficiency and cultural literacy. This paper explains the exploration of the blended teaching model in Integrated English in one Chinese independent college in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region from two perspectives: the overall design and the analysis of the application of Integrated English I and II. This study collected data from questionnaires, interviews, and teachers’ logs in order to investigate the effect of Integrated English based on the blended teaching model. The analysis of the results indicates that the application of the blended teaching model in Integrated English I and II is conducive to cultivating students’ learning habits, improving their language skills, learning ability, and cultural awareness.</p> Jang Xue Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on the Measures for the Archival Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage - "Chinese Painting Pigment Making Technique" <p>Chinese painting pigments are essential for creating Chinese paintings and are an integral part of Chinese national culture, as they embody the spirit of Chinese painting. The technique of making Chinese painting pigments was included in the third batch of the National Intangible Cultural Heritage List by the State Council in 2011, emphasizing the significance of Chinese traditional culture. However, as a "living" culture, it is susceptible to change or extinction due to various factors such as inheritance, the social environment, and conservation measures. The art of making Chinese painting pigments is a unique art form that is primarily passed down orally. However, due to the increasing scarcity of raw materials and the decreasing number of artisan heirs, this art form is facing a challenging dilemma. In light of the current situation of Chinese painting pigment making techniques, this paper proposes several feasible solutions for archival protection. One solution is to use the regional characteristics of Chinese painting pigment making for publicity. This strategy would involve promoting the unique aspects of Chinese painting pigment making in various regions to increase awareness and appreciation of the art form. Another solution is to build an archival talent team for Chinese painting pigment technique. This approach would involve identifying and training a group of experts in Chinese painting pigment making to ensure the continued preservation and development of the art form. Finally, building an online resource for Chinese painting pigment making technique would make the information accessible to a wider audience and facilitate the dissemination of knowledge about this art form.</p> NI NI Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An analysis of the Participation Motivation of Marathon Runners in Nanchang <p>The aim of this paper is to investigate the participation motivation of marathon runners in Nanchang City. The study utilizes a literature review method, questionnaire method, and mathematical and statistical analysis to explore the topic in detail among the public in Nanchang City. After analyzing the data on participants' sports motivation and influence, the study finds that the participation in marathons among Nanchang City residents needs to be enhanced, as the participation time is insufficient and public sports values need to be corrected. The study suggests enhancing the participation motivation of marathon runners in Nanchang, improving the awareness of scientific exercise among participants, and developing correct sporting values. Additionally, it is necessary to promote the development of marathons in Nanchang by enhancing participation, self-confidence, theoretical guidance, and analysis of the scientific basis for the promotion of the sport. This study provides active academic references for public participation in physical fitness activities in Nanchang City.</p> 城 肖 Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Research on the Current Situation and Countermeasures of Tourism Employment in Lishui City under the All-region Tourism <p>With the release of optimized epidemic prevention and control policies in China, the tourism industry is experiencing a strong return. However, the post-epidemic tourism era has led to rapidly changing tourist demands, which have greatly increased the professional ability and quality requirements of tourism workers. Therefore, the post-epidemic tourism employment problem has become a concern for both the government and the industry. This paper analyzes the talent demand in the tourism industry in Lishui City under the background of all-regional tourism and makes suggestions. While the rapid development of tourism in Lishui City has brought about increased employment opportunities, the tourism labor market in Lishui still faces various challenges, such as a shortage of tourism management talents, low cultural quality of tourism workers, and lack of tourism professionals. In addition, employment quality has declined due to high worker mobility and personnel loss caused by COVID-19. To address these issues, this study proposes several measures: establishing the concept of all-round tourism, promoting high-quality development of tourism to create more jobs, improving the quality of tourism workers and services, adjusting the tourism employment system, and optimizing the employment structure of the tourism industry by adjusting its layout. This paper offers useful suggestions to address the challenges faced by the tourism industry in Lishui City in the post-epidemic era.</p> HAILI WANG Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Diagnostic Study on the Use of Vocabulary Learning strategies for English Majors in China <p>This research utilizes a descriptive research design to investigate the use of vocabulary learning strategies among English majors and identify the potential reasons for their difficulties in learning vocabulary. The study aims to describe the relationship between these reasons and second language vocabulary acquisition. A questionnaire, consisting of 62 items selected from the Vocabulary Learning Questionnaire (VLQ) 6.4 published by Gu and Johnson (1996), was administered to 115 sophomores majoring in English. The questionnaire was used to determine the types of vocabulary learning strategies employed by the participants, as well as the most and least frequently used strategies. The results indicate that English majors surveyed were moderate users of vocabulary learning strategies. Inferencing strategies were found to be the most commonly used, while Encoding strategies were the least used. After analyzing the participants' vocabulary learning strategies, the study proposes to improve their mother tongue competence to enhance their thinking ability, which is an essential factor in learning English vocabulary. Furthermore, the study suggests that the lack of mother tongue competence courses in higher education and the absence of effective vocabulary learning strategy guidance in the learning process are potential reasons for the difficulties experienced by English majors in vocabulary learning.</p> Lina Bao Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Spirit of Freehand Brushwork in Chinese Oil Painting <p>Freehand Brushwork is a unique artistic language in Chinese painting and calligraphy, celebrated for its ability to express emotion and spirit in the process of artistic creation. This paper aims to explore the spiritual connotation and artistic aesthetics of Freehand Brushwork oil paintings, and to examine the use of traditional Chinese Freehand Brushwork techniques in the expression of Western painting. By reconstructing the language of oil painting expression with traditional Chinese techniques, the paper seeks to investigate the Freehand Brushwork spirit of Chinese oil painting, which is deeply rooted in the Chinese idea of the 'unity of heaven and man' and 'respect for individuals'. The paper presents a critical analysis of the aesthetic and expressive features of Freehand Brushwork oil paintings, shedding light on the unique artistic characteristics of Chinese oil painting that distinguishes it from other painting styles. This paper contributes to the understanding and appreciation of Freehand Brushwork oil paintings and serves as a guide for artists seeking to master the Freehand Brushwork techniques in their artistic creations.</p> Jiarui Feng Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 On the Four Misfortunes to the Works of Beethoven <p>Beethoven is renowned for his masterful compositions, but his personal life was rife with challenges that deeply affected his work. This paper examines the ups and downs of Beethoven's life, including his struggles with family, friendship, love, career, political demands, and general life challenges. The study analyzes the four major misfortunes that impacted Beethoven's life, leading to a sense of hopelessness before he created his most notable works. The paper explores how these misfortunes impacted Beethoven's world view and creative output. The study concludes that the artist's personal challenges, particularly negative experiences such as sorrows and pains, had a significant impact on his creativity. It is through these struggles that Beethoven created masterpieces that conveyed the humanity and reality of the world. This paper provides insights into Beethoven's life and offers a reference for future studies on the artist's personal experiences, particularly in his formative years.</p> Yanjun Xu Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Research on the Quality of Inner Mongolia Ethnic Education in the Context of BRI <p>The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is China's grand strategy to strengthen regional collaboration and promote the prosperity of the world economy. The development of ethnic education provides an opportunity for countries along the Belt and Road to enhance their economic and political trust and to strengthen the educational growth of ethnic minorities. With the rapid economic and social development of Inner Mongolia, the existing ethnic education system is facing challenges and is unable to meet the demand for talents for the rapid economic and social development along the Belt and Road strategy. From the perspective of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory and Quality Management Theory of Ethnic Higher Education, this study concludes that the level of development of ethnic higher education is one of the important indicators of the overall development of ethnic regions. The study proposes the following conclusions: The institutions of higher education for ethnic minorities in Inner Mongolia should establish the concept of quality in higher education while taking into account the situation of the region and ethnic groups. The obstacles such as insufficient investment in teaching and learning, loss of human resources and old-fashioned teaching philosophy to achieve the high-quality development of ethnic higher education should be properly recognized. Inner Mongolia Ethnic Education in the Context of BRI is going to contribute to the long-term development and prosperity of the country and ethnic regions.</p> Jun Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study of the Development History and Stylistic Features of Chinese Ink Painting <p><span style="background-color: #ffffff;">The modern ink painting in China started in the 1980s and it didn't become popular until the&nbsp; late 1990s. Up till now, it has become a major branch of Chinese art and painting. This paper makes a brief review on the historical development of Chinese ink painting based on the current studies on the topic. Compared with the western painting, the Chinese ink painting enjoys a special position in terms of spiritual forms, Artistic function, Language Structure, ink and brush form. The study finds that ink painting has a strong philosophical conception of Chinese cultural traditions and an ideology that matches its history, culture and religious beliefs. The values and ideology of the traditional Chinese philosophical outlook can be glimpsed in ink painting, and the ancient subsistence smallholder economic system also permeated and influenced the way of painting in terms of economic and social development. This influence ultimately reflected in the ancient philosophical system of thinking . </span></p> Manran Hu Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Forecast Analysis of Chinese Resident Consumption Based on the Residual Autoregressive Model <p>This paper aims to improve the accuracy of resident consumption forecast by comparing different methods and selecting the residual autoregressive model. The model combines deterministic analysis method and autoregressive modeling to extract deterministic and random information, respectively, and improve the prediction accuracy. The paper introduces the modeling process of the residual autoregressive model and conducts empirical analysis on the consumption level data of Chinese residents to evaluate the fitting accuracy of the model. Finally, the model is used to forecast the consumption level of Chinese residents in 2021-2023, and the results indicate an average growth rate of about 7% over the next three years, assuming no major changes in the external environment. This paper contributes to the understanding of the residual autoregressive model and its application in the field of resident consumption forecasting, providing valuable insights for policymakers and researchers in this area.</p> Shuchao Wang Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study of College English Writing Teaching Based on Dynamic Assessment <p>For a long time, college-level English writing teaching in China has relied mainly on summative tests, which provide a single and rigid evaluation criteria and limit students' all-around development of writing ability. However, with the current reform of college English teaching, the single assessment method cannot cater to the changing needs of the new teaching model, which emphasizes the cultivation of students' ability to use language. To address this issue, this paper proposes introducing the notion of dynamic assessment into English writing classes at the college level. Dynamic assessment emphasizes the assessment of the learning process and feedback of teaching information, which can lead to a comprehensive, scientific, and reasonable assessment system that plays a crucial role in realizing teaching objectives. Based on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of mind, this paper presents scaffolding strategies for each stage of writing in college English writing teaching and learning. These strategies serve as a foundation for constructing a theoretical dynamic assessment model in Chinese non-English majors' writing classes. By introducing dynamic assessment into college English writing teaching, this paper aims to explore new methods that increase the efficiency of college English writing teaching and promote college students' English writing ability to adapt to the reform of new requirements for college English teaching.</p> YAJIE SUN Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An Analysis of Xueda Education's Financial Performance in the Context of Covid-19 <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on large enterprises in China, resulting in closures and staff layoffs, which have negatively affected the training education industry. This paper presents a case study of Xueda Education, a listed company, to analyze its financial situation from 2017-2020, the first three years of the pandemic, and 2020-2023, another three years of the pandemic. The study uses financial indicators to discuss the development problems of training education in terms of profitability, development capacity, solvency, and operating capacity. A side-by-side comparison method is used to compare Xueda Education's financial performance with two other companies in the same field. The study concludes that Xueda Education's profitability, development capacity, solvency, and operating capacity decreased, especially in terms of operating capacity. The short-term solvency of the debt servicing capacity decreased, while the long-term solvency capacity did not change significantly. The study proposes solutions for improving the financial risk system and finding new ways to sustain the company. This paper provides valuable insights for policymakers and researchers in the training education industry to address the impact of Covid-19 on enterprises and the industry.</p> Ziyun Chen Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Financial Flexibility and Investment Efficiency <p>In recent years, the external financing environment of enterprises has deteriorated, especially since the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic, which has further limited external financing opportunities for enterprises. Therefore, it is imperative to adopt effective financial strategies to promote enterprise growth. This paper examines the influence mechanism of financial flexibility on the investment efficiency of new generation listed companies in the information technology industry from 2017 to 2020. Using the adjustment path analysis method, the paper constructs and verifies the role path of "financial flexibility → investment efficiency" to explore the impact of financial flexibility on investment efficiency and its effect on enterprise growth. The status quo of financial flexibility and investment efficiency of listed companies in the new generation of information technology industry is analyzed descriptively using stata16.0 statistical software. The paper proposes a hypothesis and constructs a multiple linear regression model to examine the influence of financial flexibility on investment efficiency. The empirical results show that the new generation of IT enterprises face challenges such as low capital flexibility and investment efficiency, particularly insufficient investment. Financial flexibility can help enterprises cope with capital demands under uncertain circumstances and improve the efficiency of enterprise investment. Therefore, in the market environment, enterprises should retain financial flexibility while strengthening internal control to improve investment efficiency and meet the needs of enterprise growth. The government and financial sector should promote supply-side structural reform in the financial sector, raise the level of regional financial development, and provide a favorable environment for external financing of strategic emerging industries such as the next-generation information technology industry.</p> SISI SUN Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Analysis of the Reasons for the success of Douyin- Based on the perspective of user value co-creation <p>In the new media era, short video has become the main channel for users to engage in social entertainment and obtain consultation. Douyin, as a leader in the field of short videos, attracts huge traffic. Taking Douyin as the research object, based on the perspective of user value co-creation, this paper analyzes the impetus of the platform for user value co-creation from two aspects of content creators and content viewers. And summarize the experience and inspiration, in order to provide valuable and meaningful reference for the development and brand promotion of other apps.</p> Xiaolin Tan Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Review of Resilience Conceptual , Assessment and Intervention <p>Resilience is a crucial resource for promoting the development of both mental and physical health. Researchers have divided resilience into three main categories, namely qualitative definition, outcome definition, and process definition, depending on their perspective. Typically, resilience is evaluated using resilience scales and emotional scales, and interventions can be carried out through social movements, community education, school education, individual counseling, and group counseling. Protective factors in resilience facilitate effective coping with negative events and promote healthy physical and mental development. The aim of this study is to review the existing research on the concept, assessment, and intervention of resilience and to identify future research directions. These directions include clarifying the connotation and extension of the concept, constructing the assessment index system, exploring the mechanism of action, expanding the coverage groups and contents, combining the theory and empirical evidence related to resilience and mental health literacy, and conducting in-depth research to improve the overall health and well-being of the public.</p> Zongsheng Yang Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on the Construction of Five-In-One Teaching Model for Sports Clubs in Hubei Enshi College <p>In the 20 years since Shenzhen University took the lead in implementing the teaching reform of the university public sports club system in 1994, well-known and local universities throughout China have implemented the teaching mode of public sports extracurricular club systems one after another. This paper uses research methods such as literature review, expert interviews, and mathematical and statistical analysis to investigate the current situation of sports clubs at Hubei Enshi College and analyze the teaching mode of sports clubs there. Based on this analysis, it was concluded that the sports club at Enshi College in Hubei should adopt a five-in-one teaching mode of "ladder teaching, online learning and practice, multiple assessments, public competitions, and brand sports." The paper suggests that in local ethnic colleges and universities, the university sports club should first establish a unique teaching content and teaching mode of the sports club system. Additionally, the club should form an independent teaching assessment system, and the management system of the university sports club should be continuously optimized, thus promoting the continuous improvement of the comprehensive education system of Hubei Enshi College. This research provides practical guidance to promote the benign development of university sports clubs at Hubei Enshi College and enhance the campus cultural atmosphere of comprehensive sports for university students.</p> yiyi ding Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Research on “Practice Market” Oriented Art Education Teaching System--Visual Communication Design as an Example <p>With the rapid development of the market economy, higher education institutions are facing new challenges in meeting the demands for innovative and entrepreneurial abilities of higher art talents. This paper focuses on visual communication design, which requires not only the basic theoretical quality of art majors but also practical skills to meet social and market needs. Through an analysis of the current situation of visual communication design specialty, this paper identifies existing problems in teaching and proposes measures to optimize and solve these problems. By doing so, this paper aims to better strengthen the training of students majoring in visual communication design. The proposed measures include incorporating industry projects into the curriculum, enhancing practical training, and encouraging interdisciplinary collaborations. It is hoped that these measures will improve the quality of teaching and ultimately produce graduates who possess both theoretical knowledge and practical skills needed for the industry.</p> xiang gao Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 An Innovative study on Rural Planning with Cultural Integration as a Tourism Development Model <p>In the 2017 report of the 19th National Congress, it was pointed out that the issue of agriculture, rural areas, and farmers is a fundamental issue related to the people's livelihood of the country. The solution of the "three rural issues" must always be the top priority of the work of the whole Party and the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy. In the context of the rural revitalization strategy, this paper analyzes the current situation of Chahaer Youyii Qianqi, Inner Mongolia, and the drawbacks of the traditional tourism model. The study finds that the traditional model of tourism is a single "show and view" commercial complex, which rarely reflects the original Mongolian ethnic identity, spiritual connotations and sustainable development strategies. The analysis is intended to provide an overall plan for the village and to create a new type of village with sustainable development in terms of housing, tourism, agriculture, and pastoralism. The aim is to create an experiential tourism model based on the integration of multiple ethnic groups, the restoration of the original Mongolian form of habitation through a combination of clustered units, the development of cultural integration, the principle of sustainable development, the diversification of tourism forms, the diversification of industrial structures, and the construction of a complete infrastructure.</p> Yan Liang Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 A Study on the Optimization of Grand-Parenting Paths in Rural Areas <p>In rural areas, young adults in the middle tier often face a difficult choice: seek job opportunities in<br />economically developed areas, or stay behind due to the limited jobs available and the need to secure bilateral<br />parental support and education costs for their children. Unfortunately, the dualistic urban-rural and inter-provincial<br />household registration system restricts children's opportunities for further education, while the high threshold for<br />public education forces them to complete their education in their hometowns, turning them into left-behind children.<br />Furthermore, the family economy and workforce composition in rural areas often make grand-parenting the optimal<br />choice and an unavoidable reality. However, while grand-parenting may make sense from an economic standpoint, it<br />can have negative consequences on the development of children, including inadequate nutrition, unresponsive care,<br />and a lack of early learning opportunities. To mitigate these negative effects, it is important to optimize the grandparenting<br />model. This can be achieved by adapting it to the child's needs, improving communication, developing<br />activities, respecting rules, addressing conflicts, and optimizing the grand-parenting pathway. By taking into account<br />both the internal strengths and weaknesses of grand-parenting, as well as external scientific knowledge, we can<br />maximize the positive effects of this caregiving model on children's development.</p> NAN HE Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Security and Openness China's Cross-Border Data Flow Scheme <p>Cross-border data flow legislation is currently absent in several countries, and data ownership remains an issue. Data sovereignty is necessary for cross-border data movement. To preserve national interests in the growing data field, western countries violate the idea of sovereignty and attempt to construct a cross-border data circulation system within the framework of the western discourse system. Developing countries aim to localize data to protect their own data stockpiles and increments to safeguard national security. As a responsible country, China supports the formation of a cross-border data flow rule framework that aligns with development and security, protects data sovereignty, and promotes data integrity.</p> XinYi Du, AiJiao Liu Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Conflict and Adaptation: The History and Future of China-Pakistan Cultural Exchange <p style="font-weight: 400;">The relationship between China and Pakistan has a long history, and the two countries have maintained a long-term cooperative partnership. Under this relationship, fruitful cultural exchanges have taken place, although occasional cultural conflicts have occurred. Based on the foundation of long-term cooperation, conflicts in cultural exchanges have been effectively resolved through mutual visits, promoting deeper understanding and trust between the two sides. Therefore, it can be said that cultural exchange between China and Pakistan is an important tool for adjusting cultural conflicts, promoting diplomatic relations, and bridging the gap between the two countries. This article reviews and examines the history of cultural exchanges between China and Pakistan and proposes a conflict adjustment framework based on "respect-understanding-communication-trust." Specific measures are also proposed, such as "establishing smooth cultural communication channels, improving conflict resolution mechanisms, deepening cultural exchange projects, and strengthening joint research projects" to adjust cultural conflicts and promote deeper cultural exchanges between the two countries.</p> Fei Yang; Tingkai Zhao Copyright (c) 2023 Pacific International Journal Fri, 31 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000