Urban Design of On-Street Stops and Road Environments: A Conceptual Framework
Keywords:Environment, Urban Design, transit system, revenue, fundamental goal, road design, passenger experience, safety
Transit stops should be situated where they are convenient to use and the safety of passengers and alternative road users has been taken into consideration. A review of the literature has indicated that there are some important factors that should be taken into consideration at the design and planning stage. These factors have been found to have the ability to influence the location of a transit stop and transit shelter. The underlying focus of this paper is that on-street stops and their connecting roads are viewed as a holistic environment, instead of an ordinary place or location for transit modes to make a stop. This environment includes elements such as Accessibility through street connectivity, street, and road design, and transit stops design. This paper develops a conceptual model that links the various variables together, highlighting how one affects the other and their impact on the overall ability to produce a good passenger experience, which is the fundamental goal of any successful on-street stop design. This paper concludes that transit stops are easier to locate when there is high street connectivity which determines to a large extent how transit passengers gain access to transit service. Also, proper design and configuration of on-street stops and connecting roads lead to increased safety, thereby leading to increased ridership and revenue and also impact how everyone on the street interacts with the transit system.
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